Socialist Equality Party (Germany)

German police threaten climate change protesters

By Harold Hambacher, 17 June 2019

Police are treating youth concerned about climate change like criminals.

Germany: Protest vigil in Dusseldorf demands release of Julian Assange

By our reporters, 17 June 2019

“Assange’s surrender to the US would mean that war crimes, spying on the population, or government intrigues and conspiracies would no longer be reported.”

SGP European election candidate Andreas Niklaus speaks to Berlin bus drivers

“A war must be prevented at all costs”

By our reporters, 25 May 2019

Discussions revolved around the connection between the growing danger of a third world war, the policies of the federal government, and the cementing of austerity programmes

A socialist perspective against fascism and war: Successful SGP election meeting in Berlin

By our reporters, 21 May 2019

On Saturday, the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party, SGP) held its final meeting in Berlin for the European elections.

Socialist Equality Party holds rally in Berlin to demand freedom for Assange and Manning

By our reporters, 20 May 2019

Some 300 people attended the demonstration and heard greetings and speeches from representatives of the Socialist Equality Parties in Germany, Britain, the US and Australia.

Speech by Ulrich Rippert to London meeting

“Defending Julian Assange requires the mobilisation of the working class in a struggle against capitalism”

20 May 2019

We are publishing the speech of Ulrich Rippert, chairman of the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party) in Germany, at the May 12 public meeting in London in defence of WikiLeaks publisher Julian Assange and whistleblower Chelsea Manning.

Socialist Equality Party in Germany to hold central meeting of European election campaign in Berlin

By the Socialist Equality Party (SGP), 17 May 2019

Prior to the May 18 meeting, the SGP will organise a rally in front of the British Embassy in Berlin to demand the freedom of Julian Assange.

Students in Berlin support this Saturday’s rally to defend Julian Assange

By our reporter, 14 May 2019

SEP and IYSSE campaigners have distributed thousands of leaflets and put up hundreds of posters in workplaces, universities, and shopping centres to promote the “Freedom for Julian Assange” rally in Berlin.

German president calls for clampdown on freedom of speech, internet censorship at Berlin conference

By Johannes Stern, 14 May 2019

Ahead of the European elections on May 26, the ruling class aims to intensify internet censorship and silence critical viewpoints.

Berlin: Meeting held at Humboldt University to defend Julian Assange

By our reporters, 4 May 2019

On Tuesday, several dozen students and workers gathered at Humboldt University in Berlin to protest the persecution of Julian Assange and discuss the political and historical background to the attack on the courageous journalist.

“Join the fight for a united socialist Europe!”

Socialist Equality Party (SGP) publishes campaign video for European Elections

By the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 29 April 2019

The Socialist Equality Party (SGP), the German section of the International Committee of the Fourth International, is running in the European elections to counter the rise of the extreme right, growing militarism and massive social inequality.

Germany: SGP European election campaign wins support for Julian Assange in Stuttgart

By our reporters, 26 April 2019

Teams from the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party, SGP) recently spoke with workers and youth in Stuttgart, inviting them to its April 27 election meeting and distributed WSWS material calling for freedom for Julian Assange.

European election: SGP holds its second campaign meeting in Frankfurt-Main

By our correspondents, 20 April 2019

In Frankfurt, SGP Chairman Ulrich Rippert highlighted the importance of the International Committee of the Fourth International and its perspective of a United Socialist States of Europe.

Socialist Equality Party candidate in European elections appears on German TV

By our reporter, 18 April 2019

On Wednesday, Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei candidate Saravan Ratnamaheson was interviewed by Südwestrundfunk, one of Germany’s largest public TV stations.

Powerful start to German Socialist Equality Party campaign in European elections

By our reporters, 16 April 2019

On Sunday, the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party—SGP) launched its campaign for the European elections at a meeting in Berlin. The speakers included leading members of the International Committee of the Fourth International in Britain and France in addition to leaders of the SGP.

040 SGP candidate interview on German TV

13 April 2019

Two hundred attend meeting on the struggle against fascism at Leipzig Book Fair

By our reporters, 26 March 2019

David North and Christoph Vandreier addressed a Saturday public meeting on “The lessons of the 1930s and the struggle against the far right today,” organised by Mehring Verlag at the Leipzig Book Fair.

Students and workers speak on the threat of fascism at Leipzig meeting

By our reporters, 26 March 2019

World Socialist Web Site reporters spoke with some of the students and workers who attended Saturday’s public meeting, organized by Mehring Verlag.

Leipzig Book Fair: Mehring Verlag presents new German edition of The Heritage We Defend

By our correspondents, 23 March 2019

David North introduced the new German edition of The Heritage We Defend at the Leipzig Book Fair on Saturday.

“I think it’s the capitalists who are doing this”

Workers in Leipzig speak against the growth of the far-right

By our reporters, 22 March 2019

For the last two weeks, members of the SEP and IYSSE have been speaking with workers and youth throughout Leipzig about today’s meeting, “The lessons of the 1930s and the fight against the extreme right.”

Socialist Equality Party of Germany certified to stand in European elections

By our reporter, 19 March 2019

The Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party), German section of the International Committee of the Fourth International, will appear on the ballot throughout Germany in the May 26 European elections.

English-language edition of Why are they Back? launched in London

By our reporter, 18 March 2019

Around 150 people, including workers, students and professionals, heard speeches from Christoph Vandreier, deputy chairman of the Socialist Equality Party (Germany), and David North, chairperson of the World Socialist Web Site International Editorial Board.

Socialist Equality Party files lawsuit against German secret service

By the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 12 March 2019

The SGP calls on all individuals, organizations, and institutions that defend democratic rights to support the suit against the secret service’s attacks.

The Socialist Equality Party’s lawsuit against Germany’s secret service

By Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 12 March 2019

The following lawsuit was submitted by lawyer Dr. Pier Stolle to the Berlin administrative court on 24 January against the Federal Interior Ministry.

Successful election result for IYSSE at Humboldt University in Berlin

By the IYSSE chapter at Humboldt University, 26 January 2019

The IYSSE increased its share of the vote by a third, from 3.75 percent to over 5 percent, and will be represented by three deputies in the student parliament.

Socialist Equality Party takes legal action against surveillance by German secret service

By the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 10 January 2019

Dr. Peer Stolle, the lawyer for the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, has submitted formal notice in writing to the German Federal Agency for the Protection of the Constitution, which is published here.

Student parliament condemns right-wing attack on IYSSE meeting at Humboldt University in Berlin

By our reporters, 17 December 2018

The student parliament unanimously passed a resolution defending the International Youth and Students for Social Equality against attempts by the right-wing extremist Alternative for Germany to disrupt its meetings.

European elections 2019

No to the EU, social inequality, fascism and war! For socialism and the unity of the European working class!

By the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (SGP), 23 November 2018

On October 20–21, a Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party, SGP) Congress voted for the party to participate in the European elections of 26 May 2019.

Why are they back?

New title from Mehring Books explains resurgence of fascism in Germany

By our reporters, 19 October 2018

Author Christoph Vandreier presented the book in a well-attended lecture at the Frankfurt Book fair last Saturday.

The neo-Nazi offensive in Germany and the role of historians

By Christoph Vandreier, 27 September 2018

The 52nd Historikertag (Historians’ Conference) September 25-28 in Münster takes place under conditions where historical questions have assumed immense significance.

The fight against fascism in Germany requires a socialist perspective

By the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 4 September 2018

Moral outrage is not enough to stop the fascist mob: it is necessary to understand the political roots of its resurgence.

Musicians’ group calls for shutdown of the German secret service

By Dietmar Henning, 23 August 2018

On Tuesday, the musicians group’ “Lebenslaute” concluded a two-day protest against the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV), as the German secret service is called.

German government places Socialist Equality Party on subversive watch list

By the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 17 August 2018

Last month Germany’s domestic intelligence agency added the Socialist Equality Party to its official list of “left-wing extremist” organizations subject to state monitoring.

German government crisis: The working class needs its own strategy against anti-refugee agitation, militarism and war

By Johannes Stern, 26 June 2018

The dispute between the CDU and the CSU is over how best to implement the reactionary program of the German grand coalition government in the face of growing popular opposition.

The struggle against militarism and the far right in Europe

By Peter Schwarz, 8 May 2018

The following speech was delivered to the May Day rally by Peter Schwarz, Secretary of the International Committee of the Fourth International for the past 32 years, and a leading member of the German section of the ICFI.

Against imperialism, counterrevolution and war! For a socialist Middle East!

By Johannes Stern, 8 May 2018

The following speech was delivered to the ICFI’s International Online Rally by Johannes Stern, a leading member of the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, the German section of the ICFI, and the World Socialist Web Site editorial board in Germany.

Lenin, Trotsky and the Marxism of the October Revolution

By David North, 19 March 2018

David North, chairperson of the International Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site and of the Socialist Equality Party (US), delivered this lecture at the University of Leipzig on March 16.

Germany: Merkel’s re-election and the fight against militarism, welfare cuts and dictatorship

By Johannes Stern, 15 March 2018

With the re-election of Angela Merkel, the most right-wing German government has taken office since the fall of the Third Reich.

Reject German coalition pact! Make public all secret agreements!

Statement of the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 10 February 2018

The Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party) demands the publication of all secret protocols and lists of participants in the coalition talks, which have laid the basis for the coming to power of the most right-wing government since the downfall of the Nazis.

For new elections and a socialist alternative to Germany’s grand coalition

By Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 25 January 2018

The ruling elite cannot be permitted to bring to power the most right-wing government since the downfall of the Nazi regime, in the face of strong opposition from workers and young people.

IYSSE secures re-election to student parliament at Berlin’s Humboldt University

By the IYSSE at Humboldt University, 20 January 2018

After a successful election campaign, the IYSSE is re-entering Humboldt University’s student parliament with two representatives.

The merger of Germany’s Thyssen with Tata Steel

Vote “No” on union-backed steel contract! Defend all jobs!

By the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, 16 January 2018

The Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei calls upon steelworkers at ThyssenKrupp to reject the contract negotiated by the IG Metall trade union and to take measures to prepare a struggle to defend all jobs.

SGP election rally: International meeting in Berlin calls for stepped-up struggle against capitalism and war

By our reporters, 27 September 2017

The rally took place on the final day of the election campaign waged throughout Germany by the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (SGP, Socialist Equality Party).

SGP election meeting: “War and inequality mutually reinforce one another”

By our correspondents, 27 September 2017

The speeches to the Berlin meeting by leading members of the Fourth International from Germany, Britain, France and the US were closely followed by the audience and found a very positive response.

The war danger and the significance of the election campaign of the Socialist Equality Party of Germany

By the Socialist Equality Party (Germany), 21 September 2017

The incoming government’s policies have long been decided: an unprecedented intensification of militarism, the strengthening of the repressive state apparatus and social cuts.

Socialist Equality Party holds election meeting in Berlin

By our reporters, 13 September 2017

The meeting was addressed by Socialist Equality Party candidate Christoph Vandreier and Julie Hyland, assistant national secretary of the SEP in Britain.

Germany’s federal election campaign and the danger of global nuclear war

By Johannes Stern, 9 September 2017

The media and political parties have long sought to keep the issues of war and militarism out of the election campaign, but reality is now catching up with them.

German SGP election candidate speaks at student protest against deportations

By our reporters, 4 September 2017

Marianne Arens, an election candidate of the Socialist Equality Party (SGP), spoke at a demonstration of students in the town of Offenbach protesting against the deportation of classmates to Afghanistan.

Socialist Equality Party of Germany presents its posters for September federal election

By our reporters, 7 August 2017

“We have focused on the central question facing workers in Germany and around the world: the growing danger of war,” said Ulrich Rippert, chairman of the Socialist Equality Party.

Support the strike by VW workers in Slovakia!

By Ulrich Rippert chairman of the SGP and SGP candidate in North Rhine Westphalia, 26 June 2017

The 8,000 striking Volkswagen workers in Slovakia deserve the support of VW and all autoworkers throughout Germany and the world.

German Socialist Equality Party holds meeting on its election program

By our correspondents, 24 June 2017

Representatives of the SEP outlined their election manifesto against militarism and social inequality at a meeting in Berlin.

German law professor accuses Baberowski of right-wing extremism and historical revisionism

By Peter Schwarz, 15 June 2017

Despite right-wing historian Jörg Baberowski’s defeat in court, the Presidium of Humboldt University continues to defend him. Bremen-based law Professor Andreas Fischer-Lescano has therefore accused the university Presidium of being “an accomplice of right-wing scholarship.”

Germany: The bankruptcy of the Left Party

By Johannes Stern, 14 June 2017

The congress held by the Left Party last weekend in Hanover confirmed that this party, despite its name, has nothing in common with genuinely left or socialist politics, but instead defends capitalism.

Socialist Equality Party stands candidates in German election: Against militarism and war! For socialism!

By Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party of Germany), 5 June 2017

At the centre of the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (SGP) election campaign is a socialist programme directed against war and capitalism and expressing the interests of the working class and youth all over the world.

Germany: Great interest in upcoming screening of Tsar to Lenin at Leipzig Book Fair

By our correspondents, 22 March 2017

The IYSSE and Mehring Verlag will be screening the documentary on the Russian Revolution at the upcoming Leipzig Book Fair.

German ICFI section adopts new name

By Socialist Equality Party (Germany), 28 February 2017

On February 18-19, 2017, the German section of the ICFI held a congress that unanimously resolved to change the party’s name from Partei für Soziale Gleichheit (Party for Social Equality) to Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei (Socialist Equality Party).

Well-attended IYSSE meeting at Humboldt University on Trump’s election

By our reporter, 18 November 2016

The large turnout and intense discussion at the meeting indicate that a new generation of young workers and students is becoming politicized.

“The danger of a third world war was never as great as it is today”

PSG candidate in Berlin election speaks on German television

By our correspondents, 12 September 2016

Christoph Vandreier made clear that the PSG is the only party in the Berlin Senate election campaign drawing attention to the war danger and mobilising the working class against it.

Appeal by Berlin Senate candidate Andy Niklaus: Workers need their own party!

By Andy Niklaus, 9 September 2016

Andy Niklaus has worked for the Berlin Transport Company for 25 years and is running as a candidate of the Partei für Soziale Gleichheit in the Berlin Senate elections on September 18.

State election in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

The right-wing threat in Germany and the need for a socialist party

By Ulrich Rippert—leading candidate of the PSG for the Berlin state election, 7 September 2016

It is anger against the establishment parties, including the Left Party, and the absence of a progressive alternative that boosts the far right Alternative for Germany (AfD).

PSG election campaign: Anger at the government’s new civil defence guidelines

By our correspondents, 31 August 2016

Berliners discuss the growing war danger and social conditions in the capital with supporters of the Socialist Equality Party.

SEP election meeting in Berlin discusses war, nationalism after Brexit vote

By our correspondents, 22 August 2016

The PSG election campaign has received attention under conditions of a growing danger of war in Syria and Ukraine, which makes possible an open confrontation between NATO and Russia.

Berlin state election 2016

Vote against war! Vote PSG!

Election manifesto of the Socialist Equality Party

1 August 2016

The Partei für Soziale Gleichheit (PSG, Socialist Equality Party) is standing a statewide list and constituency candidates in Wedding, Tempelhof-Schöneberg and Friedrichshain for the Berlin Senate (state legislature) election on September 18.

Massive police operation in Munich—an attack on democracy

By Socialist Equality Party (Germany), 25 July 2016

The shooting spree by an 18-year-old in Munich is serving as a pretext to implement long-standing emergency plans and a state of emergency.

Socialist Equality Party (Germany) placed on ballot for Berlin election

By our reporter, 23 July 2016

The Berlin State Elections Committee voted unanimously to allow the state-wide list of candidates of the Socialist Equality Party (Partei für Soziale Gleichheit—PSG) to participate in the elections for the Berlin House of Representatives in September.

“No more war, ever!”: PSG presents posters for Berlin state election

By Partei für Soziale Gleichheit, 18 July 2016

The PSG’s election campaign connects the struggle against social cuts and war with the struggle against their source—capitalism.

Socialist Equality Party (Germany) files over 3,000 signatures for Berlin state election

By our reporters, 16 July 2016

With the filing of more than 3,000 signatures, the PSG has now fulfilled all the conditions necessary to participate with a state-wide list in the elections for the Berlin legislature.

Axel Honneth at Humboldt University: A socialism that is nothing of the sort

By Peter Schwarz, 11 July 2016

At Berlin’s Humboldt University, philosophy professors Axel Honneth and Christoph Menke, SPD politician Gesine Schwan and Left Party leader Sahra Wagenknecht spoke about the “relevance of socialism today.”

The significance of the Brexit referendum for the European working class

By Peter Schwarz, 18 June 2016

Peter Schwarz, secretary of the International Committee of the Fourth International, delivered the following speech in London to a June 14 public meeting sponsored by the SEP (UK).

Left Party advocates joint candidate with SPD and Greens for German presidency

By Johannes Stern, 13 June 2016

The Left Party has responded to the announcement by federal President Joachim Gauck that he will be retiring next year “on age grounds” by moving further to the right.

Public meeting at Humboldt University in Berlin

The referendum on Brexit: Why the SEP rejects both camps

11 June 2016

On Friday, June 17, Chris Marsden, a member of the International Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site from Britain, will speak in Berlin at Humboldt University on the referendum for British withdrawal from the EU, and on the party’s campaign for an active boycott.

May Day 2016: Once again, German militarism is rearing its ugly head

By Uli Rippert, 6 May 2016

Uli Rippert, general secretary of the Partei für Soziale Gleichheit, delivered the following speech to the International Online May Day Rally.

May Day 2016: The crisis of the European Union and the drive towards war

By Peter Schwarz, 6 May 2016

Peter Schwarz, secretary of the International Committee of the Fourth International, delivered the following speech to the International Online May Day Rally.

Berlin elections: Workers and students speak out against war

By our reporters, 28 April 2016

As part of its campaign in the Berlin state elections, the Socialist Equality Party collected signatures in the district of Schöneberg.

German parliament backs new military intervention in Mali

By Johannes Stern, 1 February 2016

The speeches in parliament left no doubt that the German military is intervening in Mali to defend the economic and geopolitical interests of German imperialism.

Left Party steps-up anti-immigrant agitation in Germany

By Johannes Stern, 25 January 2016

The Left Party’s open promotion of xenophobic, right-wing, anti-refugee political positions is bound up with its support for German imperialism.

German childcare workers’ wage dispute: Vote “no”!

By the Socialist Equality Party (Germany), 13 October 2015

Although union members resoundingly rejected an arbitration proposal in June, the trade unions are now holding a new vote on virtually the same sell-out contract.

The struggle against the TTIP is a class question

By the Socialist Equality Party (Germany), 10 October 2015

It makes a big difference whether one combats the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership from the standpoint of the international working class or from the standpoint of German national interests.

The Socialist Equality Party of Germany reviews the lessons of Greece

By Marianne Arens, 17 September 2015

The PSG held a successful series of meetings on the lessons of the crisis in Greece in Leipzig and Bochum, with a final meeting in Frankfurt last Sunday.

PSG campaigns throughout Germany for public meetings on the crisis in Greece

By our correspondents, 7 September 2015

The balance sheet of the Syriza government, which is implementing unprecedented austerity measures, has been the subject of intense discussions during the campaign.

Socialist Equality Party holds meeting in Berlin on Syriza and the crisis in Greece

By Verena Nees, 30 July 2015

The meeting put forward the position that the defence of the working class in Greece requires a united struggle by the entire European working class against austerity.

Defend the Greek workers! Oppose the diktat of Schäuble and Merkel!

By Partei für Soziale Gleichheit, 14 July 2015

The PSG (Socialist Equality Party) in Germany calls on workers throughout Europe to declare their solidarity with the workers in Greece and resist the German government and EU.

Fraud charges and shareholder revolt at Deutsche Bank

By Verena Nees, 8 June 2015

The furore surrounding Deutsche Bank has profound causes rooted in economic and political developments since the 2008 financial crisis.

The Russian Revolution and the Unfinished Twentieth Century

Successful campaign for book presentation in Leipzig

By Christoph Dreier, 12 March 2015

Historical questions come up immediately in discussions with workers and students in Leipzig.

Leader of German Social Democrats sides with right-wing Pegida movement

By Ulrich Rippert, 9 February 2015

Sigmar Gabriel used a news magazine interview to legitimize fascist views.

German television series Tannbach and German postwar history

By Sybille Fuchs, 9 February 2015

The ZDF mini-series attempts to encompass the history of divided Germany following the Second World War.

IYSSE wins seat in Humboldt University Parliament

22 January 2015

According to the preliminary election results released early Thursday morning by Humboldt University, the International Youth and Students for Social Equality will have one seat in the student parliament. The ballots were tabulated late Wednesday night following voting that was held over two days.

German IYSSE meeting series ends with discussion on historical falsification and the universities

By our reporters, 21 January 2015

The final meeting of the IYSSE at Humboldt University in this year’s student parliament election campaign took place on Monday.

Humboldt University discussion: “The Charlie Hebdo campaign is being used to suppress freedom of speech”

By our reporters, 21 January 2015

The comprehensive report and discussion at the IYSSE’s final election meeting at Humboldt University encouraged several participants to speak out afterwards.

German Chancellor Merkel backs police state measures and militarism

By Johannes Stern, 19 January 2015

The German ruling elite is using the Charlie Hebdo affair to advance an agenda it has long been preparing: the dismantling of democratic rights and Germany’s return to an aggressive foreign policy.

Germany: Refugee murdered after anti-immigrant demonstration

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 16 January 2015

20-year-old Khaled Idris Bahray was beaten to death outside his apartment in Dresden.

IYSSE at Humboldt University begins seminars on the return of German militarism

By our reporters, 7 January 2015

The International Youth and Students for Social Equality (IYSSE) is sponsoring a series of lectures at Berlin”s Humboldt University and is running in the student union election to oppose German militarism.

IYSSE (Germany) lecture series: The return of German militarism and the falsification of history

27 December 2014

The International Youth and Students for Social Equality in Germany will hold three meetings in January at Humboldt University addressing key historical and political issues.

The German Partei für Soziale Gleichheit answers the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung’s defense of Jörg Baberowski

By the Partei für Soziale Gleichheit, 3 December 2014

Claims of “defamation” are refuted by Baberowski’s own words.

For scholarship instead of war propaganda

IYSSE standing candidates in student elections at Humboldt University

By our correspondent, 1 December 2014

The International Youth and Students for Social Equality is placing at the center of its campaign the struggle against war and opposition to attempts to transform Humboldt University into a center of militarism.

Humboldt University seeks to ban criticism of right-wing professor

Statement of the Socialist Equality Party and IYSSE of Germany

27 November 2014

Humboldt University in Berlin has publicly attacked the Socialist Equality Party and the International Youth and Students for Social Equality for criticizing the right-wing political views and activities of the historian Jörg Baberowski.

Why do the German elites want war?

SEP meeting and discussion in Stuttgart

By our correspondents, 27 November 2014

The question of why the socialist movement was not able to prevent the outbreak of the First World War provoked an important discussion at the meeting.

The struggle against war and the tasks of the PSG

By the Partei für Soziale Gleichheit, 14 November 2014

The German Socialist Equality Party (Partei für Soziale Gleichheit, PSG) held its Second National Congress in Berlin between October 31 and November 2.

Trade unions and media denounce German train drivers

By Dietmar Henning, 6 November 2014

The current strike was provoked in order to make an example of train drivers and set a precedent for attacking the rights of all workers.

Packed IYSSE meeting at Humboldt University in Berlin

By our correspondents, 25 October 2014

Some 200 people, including many students from Humboldt University, packed the hall for a meeting called by the International Youth and Students for Social Equality on the topic “Why do the German elites once again want war?”