The 2000 US presidential elections

Lessons from history: The 2000 elections and the new “irrepressible conflict”

By David North, 25 September 2020

This lecture was given by David North, chairman of the World Socialist Web Site International Editorial Board, at a public meeting of the Socialist Equality Party of Australia on December 3, 2000 in Sydney.

Ten years since Bush v. Gore: The stolen election of 2000

By Patrick Martin, 13 December 2010

Sunday marks ten years since the Supreme Court decision that halted vote counting in Florida and installed George W. Bush in the White House.

Media review of Florida ballots whitewashes theft of 2000 election

By Jerry White, 16 November 2001

On November 12, a consortium of major US news organizations, including the New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal and CNN, released the results of a 10-month investigation into disputed votes cast in Florida during the 2000 presidential election. The media report was calculated to boost the political legitimacy of the Bush administration and obscure the profoundly anti-democratic manner in which Bush was installed in the White House.

The 2000 election and Bush’s attack on democratic rights

By Barry Grey, 14 November 2001

In the weeks since the September 11 terror attacks, the media have devoted their efforts to supporting the Bush administration’s war in Afghanistan and its assault on democratic rights, uncritically repeating the government’s propaganda and tamely acceding to its clampdown on all independent information.

New York Times documents military role in theft of 2000 election

By Barry Grey, 19 July 2001

In an extensive report published July 15, the New York Times shed new light on the methods employed by the Bush campaign to hijack the 2000 presidential election. The report, entitled “How Bush Took Florida: Mining the Overseas Absentee Vote,” was the product of a six-month investigation by the Times into Florida officials’ handling of ballots mailed from outside the US. These overseas votes became a focal point in the struggle between Bush and Democratic candidate Al Gore over the disputed Florida election.

Florida ballot review shows voters preferred Gore

Media slants results to favor Bush

By Fred Mazelis, 28 May 2001

The first of two major reviews of uncounted ballots in the 2000 presidential election in Florida announced its final conclusions earlier this month. A total of 171,908 ballots—60,647 undervotes (ballots that registered no presidential vote in machine tabulation) and 111,261 overvotes (those disqualified because they were marked for more than one presidential candidate)—were examined in a review organized by a consortium made up of USA Today, the Miami Herald and the Knight-Ridder newspaper chain.

Background to the 2000 US election

Florida's legacy of voter disenfranchisement

By Jerry White, 9 April 2001

The disenfranchisement of tens of thousands of Florida voters in the 2000 presidential election evoked deep-felt anger, especially among African Americans who only a few decades ago had to fight to win the right to vote in Florida and other Southern states.

Ralph Nader's political olive branch to Bush

By Barry Grey, 30 March 2001

Earlier this month former Green Party presidential candidate Ralph Nader co-authored a column that appeared on the op-ed pages of the Wall Street Journal. Entitled “Ending Corporate Welfare as We Know It,” the article by Nader and Robert Weissman (editor of the Nader-backed Multinational Monitor magazine) presented a generally positive picture of the newly installed administration of Republican President George W. Bush.

Why did the US media black out the Civil Rights Commission report on the Florida vote?

By Jerry White, 21 March 2001

It would seem elementary that a report from a federal civil rights agency charging widespread voter disenfranchisement in the pivotal state of Florida during the 2000 US presidential election would be a major news item. Not so, according to the decision-makers at the US broadcast media and some of the most influential newspapers.

US networks, Congress whitewash media role in 2000 election

Second of a two-part series

By David Walsh, 15 March 2001

The following is the conclusion of a two-part series. The first part was posted on Wednesday, March 14.

US networks, Congress whitewash media role in 2000 election

First of a two-part series

By David Walsh, 14 March 2001

In January and February the role of the US television networks in the events of election night (November 7-8) 2000 came under scrutiny in a number of quarters. On January 4, CBS News issued an 87-page report on its election night coverage. The same day, NBC News released a much shorter study. At the end of the month CNN, the all-news cable network, issued a report on its own performance. In the middle of February, amidst a flurry of publicity, the House Energy and Commerce Committee held a hearing at which the heads of the major news networks were questioned by a congressional panel.

US Commission on Civil Rights charges "voter disenfranchisement... at heart" of Bush victory in Florida

By Jerry White, 10 March 2001

The US Commission on Civil Rights issued a preliminary report Friday that provided damning evidence of the systematic and intentional disenfranchisement of voters by Florida officials during the 2000 presidential election. The commission presented facts that lead inexorably to the conclusion that the state administration, headed by President Bush's brother, Governor Jeb Bush, made decisions on and before election day all but assuring that a high percentage of likely Democratic voters would either be blocked from voting, or prevented from having their votes counted.

Congressional Democrats ratify Bush election coup in US

By Patrick Martin, 8 January 2001

At a joint session of the US Congress January 6 to count the Electoral College vote in the 2000 election, Democratic leaders of the House and Senate officially submitted to the hijacking of the presidency by the Republican Party and the US Supreme Court and the installation of George W. Bush in the White House.

A distinction to be noted

George W. Bush: president-elect or president-select?

By Barry Grey, 29 December 2000

Since Al Gore's December 13 concession speech, Texas Governor George W. Bush has been given the title president-elect. This is the term traditionally accorded to the individual who is elected by the voters.

Family ties, political bias linked US Supreme Court justices to Bush camp

By Patrick Martin, 22 December 2000

It is a well-known fact that the five Supreme Court justices who threw the presidential election to George W. Bush in their ruling December 12 were appointed by Republican presidents—three by Ronald Reagan, one by Bush's father, and one by Richard Nixon (William Rehnquist, later elevated to chief justice by Reagan).

Electoral College votes for Bush, sealing an anti-democratic election

By Patrick Martin, 19 December 2000

Completing the anti-democratic travesty of the 2000 US presidential election, the 538 members of the Electoral College met December 18 in 50 states and the District of Columbia, handing the presidency to the candidate who lost the November 7 popular vote.

Bush prepares a government of reaction and militarism

By Patrick Martin, 18 December 2000

The political contours of the incoming administration of President-elect George W. Bush are already becoming visible: it will be a government committed to a far-reaching program of social reaction at home, combined with the aggressive assertion of unilateral American power overseas.

Gore concession speech: Democrats capitulate to right-wing attack on voting rights

By Patrick Martin, 15 December 2000

The concession speech delivered by Vice President Al Gore Wednesday night was an unvarnished capitulation to the right-wing forces responsible for stealing the 2000 presidential election and installing George W. Bush in the White House.

Supreme Court overrides US voters: a ruling that will live in infamy

the Editorial Board, 14 December 2000

The ruling issued Tuesday by the US Supreme Court marks a turning point in US history. It constitutes a fundamental and irrevocable break with democracy and the traditional forms of bourgeois legality.

On-the-spot report from Duval County, Florida

Jacksonville voters describe Election Day fraud and intimidation

By Jerry White, 13 December 2000

Information continues to come to light about the systematic disenfranchisement of working class voters in Florida, particularly in minority and immigrant neighborhoods. The National Association for the Advanced of Colored People (NAACP) has received hundreds of complaints, including reports of legal voters being turned away from the polls, black voters being harassed by state Highway Patrol officers outside of voting stations, and other acts of intimidation and fraud.

Lessons from history: the 2000 elections and the new "irrepressible conflict"

By David North, 11 December 2000

The following lecture was given by David North, chairman of the World Socialist Web Site editorial board and national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party of the US, at a public meeting of the SEP of Australia held December 3 in Sydney.

Supreme Court halts Florida vote count: A black day for American democracy

the Editorial Board, 10 December 2000

The order issued Saturday afternoon by the US Supreme Court, halting the hand tabulation of uncounted Florida ballots in the presidential election, is a frontal assault on the most fundamental of democratic rights, the right to vote. It is the culmination of a protracted attempt by the campaign of George W. Bush and the Republican Party to prevent the counting of votes which would show that Democratic candidate Al Gore, and not Bush, carried the state and won the presidency.

Florida Supreme Court ruling: right to vote at center of US election crisis

By Barry Grey, 9 December 2000

With the Florida Supreme Court decision ordering a hand count of tens of thousands of ballots across the state, the basic issue in the US election crisis has been thrust to the foreground. That issue is the democratic right of the people to vote and have their votes counted.

The US election

Bush attack on voting rights continues in arguments before Florida Supreme Court

By John Andrews, 8 December 2000

The seven-judge Florida Supreme Court on Thursday heard lawyers for Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore and Republican candidate George W. Bush argue whether Florida Circuit Court Judge N. Sanders Sauls properly rejected Gore's contest of the certified election results, which have given Bush a margin of 537 votes out of some six million cast statewide.

The US media: a critical component of the conspiracy against democratic rights—Part 1

By David Walsh, 5 December 2000

This is the first in a series of articles discussing the role of the American media. The next part will appear December 7.

The US election

Gore cites breach of democratic rights in defending his appeal of Florida vote

By Patrick Martin, 29 November 2000

In Vice President Al Gore's nationally televised speech Tuesday night, as well as a subsequent press conference on Wednesday, the Democratic presidential candidate cited fundamental issues of democratic rights as his basis for contesting the result of the Florida vote as certified by Republican state officials.

The US election

Bush campaign organized Republican riot to halt Miami-Dade recount

By Kate Randall, 29 November 2000

A detailed account by the pro-Republican Wall Street Journal confirms that last week's mini-riot outside the offices of the Miami-Dade County Canvassing Board was organized and financed by the Bush-Cheney campaign and top leaders in the Republican Congress.

The US election

Democrats, liberals retreat in the face of Republican provocations

By Patrick Martin, 25 November 2000

In the ongoing conflict over the presidential election, the Republicans and the extreme right speak the language of war and bloodshed. The Democrats whine about the need for uniting the country and avoiding a divisive struggle. In a street fight between determined fascists and timid liberals, the outcome can be foreseen—not because the ultra-right enjoys genuine popular support—far from it—but because their liberal opponents have largely abandoned the field.

The US election crisis: why is Ralph Nader silent?

By Jerry White, 24 November 2000

Green Party presidential candidate Ralph Nader has maintained a deafening silence on the political crisis surrounding the results of the US elections.

Hand recounts in the US elections: fact and fiction

By David Walsh, 21 November 2000

Supporters and aides of Texas Governor George W. Bush have launched vehement attacks over the past week against the manual recounting of votes cast in the November 7 presidential election in several Florida counties.

Florida presidential recount: Bush campaign makes appeal to military and extreme right

By Patrick Martin, 20 November 2000

Less than 24 hours after a Florida Supreme Court decision temporarily halted plans by the Republican-controlled state government to declare George W. Bush the winner of the presidential election, the Bush campaign returned to the attack in a press conference Saturday afternoon. Spokesmen for the Texas governor combined a denunciation of the manual recount in three south Florida counties with the allegation that the Gore campaign and the Florida Democratic Party were seeking to exclude absentee ballots cast by military personnel from the statewide tally.

On-the-spot report from Florida

Ft. Lauderdale residents voice their opinions about the US election crisis

By David Walsh, 18 November 2000

South Florida is like other parts of the US, except sunnier. It's composed of different worlds. The wealthy exist in their separate universe. You can glimpse it through fences and hedges. It's green and cool, decorated with fountains and dotted with palm trees and tropical plants. For everybody else, this could be anywhere in America. There are the same fast-food restaurants, gas stations, used car lots, supermarkets, liquor stores. And as is too often the case, the same ugliness, the same waste.

Elements of a conspiracy

How Bush's man at Fox News worked to shape the outcome of the US election

By Kate Randall, 17 November 2000

In the early morning hours of November 8, Fox News Channel declared that the pivotal state of Florida had gone for George W. Bush. At 2:16 a.m. Fox announced that the Texas governor had won the state, thus securing the 271 electoral votes needed to win the presidential election. The other television networks followed suit in a matter of minutes. The call was subsequently withdrawn, and to date the Florida outcome remains undecided.

On-the-spot report from Florida

Palm Beach becomes battleground in US election crisis

By David Walsh, 16 November 2000

Palm Beach County in Florida has been at the center of political controversy since November 7. Whether initially the victims of poor ballot design or outright fraud, thousands of residents in West Palm Beach, along with tens of thousands throughout Florida, have been denied their basic right to cast a vote for the candidate of their choice. Tens of thousands of votes were declared ineligible in the presidential balloting and thousands of residents have registered their protests with officials.

The Bush campaign and the rise of the political underworld

By Patrick Martin, 15 November 2000

The events which have taken place in the past week in the US presidential election, beginning with Election Night itself, have cast light on a political phenomenon of immense significance: the rise to the pinnacle of the American political system of elements of a gangster character.

US election may be on hold, but Texas execution machine grinds on

By Kate Randall, 15 November 2000

Things may be on hold in the US as far as the presidential election is concerned, but executions are going full steam ahead. It is looking like a particularly good week for Texas Governor George W. Bush, the Republican presidential candidate, who will preside over three executions in the Lone Star state if things proceed as scheduled.

The US election: the conspiracy begins to unravel

By Barry Grey, 14 November 2000

New information has emerged in the press that sheds further light on the extraordinary events of election night, November 7-8, pointing to a brazen attempt by the Republican campaign of George W. Bush to stampede the television networks and seize the presidency by stealth.

In US presidential election: Bush seeks to block counting of Florida votes

By Patrick Martin, 13 November 2000

The events of the weekend have brought more clearly into focus the reactionary position of the Bush campaign and the Republican Party, who are trying to block the counting of valid ballots in the state of Florida, so as to steal that state's electoral votes and, with them, the presidential election.

The New York Times, the Washington Post and the crisis of the 2000 election

By Barry Grey, 13 November 2000

The calls by the New York Times and the Washington Post for Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore to forego legal action against ballot irregularities in the pivotal state of Florida expose the indifference of both newspapers to the democratic rights of the American people.

From impeachment to a tainted election: The conspiracy against democratic rights continues

the Editorial Board, 10 November 2000

The brazen attempt of the Bush campaign to declare victory in the presidential campaign—in the face of mounting evidence of massive ballot irregularities in the state of Florida—exposes its utter contempt for the democratic rights of the American people. In 1998-99 the Republican Party, controlled by the extreme right, sought to overturn the result of two presidential elections through the impeachment and trial of Bill Clinton. Now it is attempting to hijack the 2000 presidential elections through crudely antidemocratic methods, using their control of the state government in Florida headed by the brother of the Republican presidential candidate.

Something rotten in the state of Florida

By David Walsh, 9 November 2000

While the official recount of the 6 million votes cast in Florida November 7 continues until at least the end of business Thursday, sufficient facts have emerged to suggest vote fraud in the state and raise the possibility of a stolen election. The combination of misplaced votes, ballot box irregularities, possible voter intimidation and Republican control of the state government apparatus add up to a confused and highly suspicious situation.

The 2000 US election results: the constitutional crisis deepens

the Editorial Board, 9 November 2000

The extraordinary events of the past 24 hours have fundamentally and irrevocably altered political life in the United States. For the first time in more than 125 years, a national election has produced a disputed result. Not only is there a split between the popular and electoral vote, but the stench of ballot fraud is wafting from the Florida voting precincts upon which Governor George W. Bush's victory depends.

The political issues facing American workers on election day 2000

the Editorial Board, 7 November 2000

The most salient fact that confronts American workers on election day 2000 is the absence of any genuine political alternative. The choice presented to the electorate underscores the reality that the vast majority of the population is effectively disenfranchised by the present political system. Neither of the two official parties represents their interests.

The US elections

Al Gore's campaign: the death rattle of American liberalism

By David North, 6 November 2000

In the course of this year's election campaign, the question that has most perplexed the media pundits has been the apparent inability of Al Gore to capitalize on what should have been an overwhelming advantage. Proceeding from the assumption that the United States is currently enjoying unprecedented prosperity, the very real possibility of the Democratic candidate's defeat seems to violate conventional wisdom, i.e., that the presidential candidate of the incumbent party wins “when times are good.” More often than not, the defeat of the incumbent party has been directly attributable to an unfavorable economic conjuncture. In 1920, 1932, 1960, 1976, 1980 and 1992, the incumbent party's defeat was foreshadowed by an ongoing or only recently ended recession.

Green Party presidential candidate at the University of Michigan

For what social forces does Ralph Nader speak?

By Jerry White, 2 November 2000

In recent weeks US Green Party presidential candidate Ralph Nader has spoken before large rallies in Portland, Minneapolis, New York City, Oakland and other cities. His public speeches have drawn considerable numbers of college students concerned about social inequality, corporate domination of the political system and environmental problems. This reporter covered one campaign stop at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

The final US presidential debate and beyond: Gore limps toward the finish line

By Barry Grey, 21 October 2000

The final presidential debate, held October 17 in St. Louis, highlighted the political cowardice and reactionary underpinnings of Vice President Al Gore's campaign—a combination that could very well hand victory in November to his Republican opponent, George W. Bush, virtually by default.

The second US presidential debate: Gore throws himself on the mercy of the media

By Barry Grey, 14 October 2000

The performance of Vice President Al Gore in the second presidential debate, held October 11 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, revealed a basic truth about the US election campaign. There are, in effect, two campaigns—the appeal by the candidates for the votes of the general electorate, and their appeal for the backing of the corporate and political elite that dictates, through the media, official public opinion.

The working class and the 2000 US elections

Part 3: The crisis of the political system

Socialist Equality Party United States, 5 October 2000

This is the third and concluding part of the SEP statement on the US elections.

US Green Party candidate Ralph Nader barred from site of presidential debate

By Barry Grey, 5 October 2000

An official of the Commission on Presidential Debates and three police officers blocked Green Party presidential candidate Ralph Nader from entering the site of Tuesday night's nationally televised debate between Democratic Vice President Al Gore and Republican Governor George W. Bush.

The working class and the 2000 US elections

Part 2: The social structure of America in 2000

Socialist Equality Party United States, 4 October 2000

This is the second part of the statement of the SEP on the US elections. The first part was posted on October 3.

The working class and the 2000 US elections

Part 1: The shifting grounds of American politics

Socialist Equality Party United States, 3 October 2000

As it enters its final phase, the US presidential campaign has once again exposed the chasm that exists between the two parties of the political establishment and the broad mass of the American electorate. Notwithstanding the expenditure of hundreds of millions of dollars to promote Republican Governor George W. Bush and Democratic Vice President Al Gore, neither candidate can seriously claim that he enjoys broad popular support. The voters trust neither the candidates nor their parties.

Education and the 2000 elections: Texas miracle debunked

By Debra Watson, 21 August 2000

US Republican presidential candidate George W. Bush is fiercely fighting for the mantle of education reform in the 2000 election campaign. During their speeches at the Republican convention both Bush and his wife Laura claimed that Texas was making dramatic improvements in public education. The so-called Texas miracle has become the backdrop for Republican presidential candidate George W. Bush's education rhetoric in the campaign.

George W. Bush: the candidate as IPO

By Barry Grey, 8 August 2000

Initial public offering (IPO): A company's first sale of stock to the public. Securities offered in an IPO are often, but not always, those of young, small companies seeking outside equity capital and a public market for their stock. Investors purchasing stock in IPOs generally must be prepared to accept considerable risks for the possibility of large gains. (Source: Campbell R.Harvey's Hypertextual Finance Glossary).

Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore pushes "law-and-order" agenda

By Shannon Jones, 2 August 2000

In recent weeks Vice President Al Gore, the Democratic presidential candidate, has tacked to the right, pledging to be a “law enforcement president” and calling for the police and court system to be beefed up.

Why the New York Times wants Green Party candidate Ralph Nader out of the presidential campaign

By Patrick Martin, 3 July 2000

An editorial published in the June 30 issue of the New York Times is a crude expression of contempt for democracy on the part of this supposed guardian of liberalism and political freedom. The commentary, entitled “Mr. Nader's Misguided Crusade,” denounces the presidential candidacy of Ralph Nader, who received the Green Party nomination last week, calling it “a self-indulgent exercise that will distract voters from the clear-cut choice represented by the major party candidates, Vice President Al Gore and Gov. George W. Bush.”

What happened to Bill Bradley? The rise and fall of a US presidential candidate

By Shannon Jones, 5 April 2000

The collapse in early March of the presidential campaign of former New Jersey Senator Bill Bradley illustrates a number of significant features of US politics.

The US elections and the lessons of the Clinton impeachment crisis

By Barry Grey, 2 March 2000

The following is the text of a report given by WSWS editorial board member Barry Grey to a meeting of the Socialist Equality Party held February 13, 2000.

Bush debacle in Michigan primary election deepens crisis in Republican Party

By Patrick Martin, 26 February 2000

The upset of the Republicans' supposed presidential frontrunner, Texas Governor George W. Bush, in the February 22 Michigan primary election has intensified the crisis of the Republican Party and prolonged the contest between Bush and his opponent for the party's nomination, Arizona Senator John McCain. Despite a huge financial war chest and all-out support from the Republican Party establishment, Bush suffered a humiliating defeat.

The class divide in America and the 2000 presidential campaign

By Patrick Martin, 22 January 2000

With the first caucus and primary votes less than a week away, the process of selecting the next US president is proceeding on two very different planes—like so much else in America, the most deeply divided along social and class lines of any major industrialized country.