1968: Fransa’da genel grev ve öğrenci isyanı

I. Bölüm: Devrimci bir durum gelişiyor

Peter Schwarz
30 Mayıs 2018
{\rtf1\adeflang1025\ansi\ansicpg1254\uc1\adeff0\deff0\stshfdbch0\stshfloch37\stshfhich37\stshfbi37\deflang1055\deflangfe1055\themelang1055\themelangfe0\themelangcs0{\fonttbl{\f0\fbidi \froman\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 02020603050405020304}Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\f0\fbidi \froman\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 02020603050405020304}Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f37\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 020f0502020204030204}Calibri{\*\falt Century Gothic};} {\flomajor\f31500\fbidi \froman\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 02020603050405020304}Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbmajor\f31501\fbidi \froman\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 02020603050405020304}Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fhimajor\f31502\fbidi \froman\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 02040503050406030204}Cambria;}{\fbimajor\f31503\fbidi \froman\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 02020603050405020304}Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\flominor\f31504\fbidi \froman\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 02020603050405020304}Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbminor\f31505\fbidi \froman\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 02020603050405020304}Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fhiminor\f31506\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 020f0502020204030204}Calibri{\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\fbiminor\f31507\fbidi \froman\fcharset162\fprq2{\*\panose 02020603050405020304}Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\f278\fbidi \froman\fcharset0\fprq2 Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f276\fbidi \froman\fcharset238\fprq2 Times New Roman CE{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f277\fbidi \froman\fcharset204\fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\f279\fbidi \froman\fcharset161\fprq2 Times New Roman Greek{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f281\fbidi \froman\fcharset177\fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f282\fbidi \froman\fcharset178\fprq2 Times New Roman (Arabic){\*\falt Helvetica};} {\f283\fbidi \froman\fcharset186\fprq2 Times New Roman Baltic{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f284\fbidi \froman\fcharset163\fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f278\fbidi \froman\fcharset0\fprq2 Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\f276\fbidi \froman\fcharset238\fprq2 Times New Roman CE{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f277\fbidi \froman\fcharset204\fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f279\fbidi \froman\fcharset161\fprq2 Times New Roman Greek{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\f281\fbidi \froman\fcharset177\fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f282\fbidi \froman\fcharset178\fprq2 Times New Roman (Arabic){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f283\fbidi \froman\fcharset186\fprq2 Times New Roman Baltic{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\f284\fbidi \froman\fcharset163\fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\f648\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset0\fprq2 Calibri{\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\f646\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset238\fprq2 Calibri CE{\*\falt Century Gothic};} {\f647\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset204\fprq2 Calibri Cyr{\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\f649\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset161\fprq2 Calibri Greek{\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\f651\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset177\fprq2 Calibri (Hebrew){\*\falt Century Gothic};} {\f652\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset178\fprq2 Calibri (Arabic){\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\f653\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset186\fprq2 Calibri Baltic{\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\f654\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset163\fprq2 Calibri (Vietnamese){\*\falt Century Gothic};} {\flomajor\f31510\fbidi \froman\fcharset0\fprq2 Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\flomajor\f31508\fbidi \froman\fcharset238\fprq2 Times New Roman CE{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\flomajor\f31509\fbidi \froman\fcharset204\fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\flomajor\f31511\fbidi \froman\fcharset161\fprq2 Times New Roman Greek{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\flomajor\f31513\fbidi \froman\fcharset177\fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\flomajor\f31514\fbidi \froman\fcharset178\fprq2 Times New Roman (Arabic){\*\falt Helvetica};} {\flomajor\f31515\fbidi \froman\fcharset186\fprq2 Times New Roman Baltic{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\flomajor\f31516\fbidi \froman\fcharset163\fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese){\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fdbmajor\f31520\fbidi \froman\fcharset0\fprq2 Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbmajor\f31518\fbidi \froman\fcharset238\fprq2 Times New Roman CE{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fdbmajor\f31519\fbidi \froman\fcharset204\fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbmajor\f31521\fbidi \froman\fcharset161\fprq2 Times New Roman Greek{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fdbmajor\f31523\fbidi \froman\fcharset177\fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbmajor\f31524\fbidi \froman\fcharset178\fprq2 Times New Roman (Arabic){\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fdbmajor\f31525\fbidi \froman\fcharset186\fprq2 Times New Roman Baltic{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbmajor\f31526\fbidi \froman\fcharset163\fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fhimajor\f31530\fbidi \froman\fcharset0\fprq2 Cambria;} {\fhimajor\f31528\fbidi \froman\fcharset238\fprq2 Cambria CE;}{\fhimajor\f31529\fbidi \froman\fcharset204\fprq2 Cambria Cyr;}{\fhimajor\f31531\fbidi \froman\fcharset161\fprq2 Cambria Greek;} {\fhimajor\f31535\fbidi \froman\fcharset186\fprq2 Cambria Baltic;}{\fhimajor\f31536\fbidi \froman\fcharset163\fprq2 Cambria (Vietnamese);}{\fbimajor\f31540\fbidi \froman\fcharset0\fprq2 Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fbimajor\f31538\fbidi \froman\fcharset238\fprq2 Times New Roman CE{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fbimajor\f31539\fbidi \froman\fcharset204\fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fbimajor\f31541\fbidi \froman\fcharset161\fprq2 Times New Roman Greek{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fbimajor\f31543\fbidi \froman\fcharset177\fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew){\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fbimajor\f31544\fbidi \froman\fcharset178\fprq2 Times New Roman (Arabic){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fbimajor\f31545\fbidi \froman\fcharset186\fprq2 Times New Roman Baltic{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fbimajor\f31546\fbidi \froman\fcharset163\fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\flominor\f31550\fbidi \froman\fcharset0\fprq2 Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\flominor\f31548\fbidi \froman\fcharset238\fprq2 Times New Roman CE{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\flominor\f31549\fbidi \froman\fcharset204\fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\flominor\f31551\fbidi \froman\fcharset161\fprq2 Times New Roman Greek{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\flominor\f31553\fbidi \froman\fcharset177\fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew){\*\falt Helvetica};} {\flominor\f31554\fbidi \froman\fcharset178\fprq2 Times New Roman (Arabic){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\flominor\f31555\fbidi \froman\fcharset186\fprq2 Times New Roman Baltic{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\flominor\f31556\fbidi \froman\fcharset163\fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbminor\f31560\fbidi \froman\fcharset0\fprq2 Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fdbminor\f31558\fbidi \froman\fcharset238\fprq2 Times New Roman CE{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbminor\f31559\fbidi \froman\fcharset204\fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fdbminor\f31561\fbidi \froman\fcharset161\fprq2 Times New Roman Greek{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbminor\f31563\fbidi \froman\fcharset177\fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew){\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fdbminor\f31564\fbidi \froman\fcharset178\fprq2 Times New Roman (Arabic){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fdbminor\f31565\fbidi \froman\fcharset186\fprq2 Times New Roman Baltic{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fdbminor\f31566\fbidi \froman\fcharset163\fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fhiminor\f31570\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset0\fprq2 Calibri{\*\falt Century Gothic};} {\fhiminor\f31568\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset238\fprq2 Calibri CE{\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\fhiminor\f31569\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset204\fprq2 Calibri Cyr{\*\falt Century Gothic};} {\fhiminor\f31571\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset161\fprq2 Calibri Greek{\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\fhiminor\f31573\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset177\fprq2 Calibri (Hebrew){\*\falt Century Gothic};} {\fhiminor\f31574\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset178\fprq2 Calibri (Arabic){\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\fhiminor\f31575\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset186\fprq2 Calibri Baltic{\*\falt Century Gothic};} {\fhiminor\f31576\fbidi \fswiss\fcharset163\fprq2 Calibri (Vietnamese){\*\falt Century Gothic};}{\fbiminor\f31580\fbidi \froman\fcharset0\fprq2 Times New Roman{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fbiminor\f31578\fbidi \froman\fcharset238\fprq2 Times New Roman CE{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fbiminor\f31579\fbidi \froman\fcharset204\fprq2 Times New Roman Cyr{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fbiminor\f31581\fbidi \froman\fcharset161\fprq2 Times New Roman Greek{\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fbiminor\f31583\fbidi \froman\fcharset177\fprq2 Times New Roman (Hebrew){\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fbiminor\f31584\fbidi \froman\fcharset178\fprq2 Times New Roman (Arabic){\*\falt Helvetica};}{\fbiminor\f31585\fbidi \froman\fcharset186\fprq2 Times New Roman Baltic{\*\falt Helvetica};} {\fbiminor\f31586\fbidi \froman\fcharset163\fprq2 Times New Roman (Vietnamese){\*\falt Helvetica};}}{\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0; \red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;\red0\green0\blue128;\red0\green128\blue128;\red0\green128\blue0;\red128\green0\blue128;\red128\green0\blue0;\red128\green128\blue0;\red128\green128\blue128;\red192\green192\blue192;}{\*\defchp \f37 } {\*\defpap \ql \li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 }\noqfpromote {\stylesheet{\ql \li0\ri0\sa200\sl276\slmult1\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs22\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0 \f37\fs22\lang1055\langfe1033\cgrid\langnp1055\langfenp1033 \snext0 \sqformat \spriority0 \styrsid287899 Normal;}{ \s2\ql \li0\ri0\sb100\sa100\sbauto1\saauto1\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\outlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \ab\af0\afs36\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\fs36\lang1055\langfe1055\cgrid\langnp1055\langfenp1055 \sbasedon0 \snext2 \slink15 \sqformat \spriority9 \styrsid5659867 heading 2;}{\s5\ql \li0\ri0\sb100\sa100\sbauto1\saauto1\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\outlinelevel4\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \ab\af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\fs20\lang1055\langfe1055\cgrid\langnp1055\langfenp1055 \sbasedon0 \snext5 \slink16 \sqformat \spriority9 \styrsid5659867 heading 5;}{\*\cs10 \additive \sunhideused \spriority1 Default Paragraph Font;}{\* \ts11\tsrowd\trftsWidthB3\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\trcbpat1\trcfpat1\tblind0\tblindtype3\tsvertalt\tsbrdrt\tsbrdrl\tsbrdrb\tsbrdrr\tsbrdrdgl\tsbrdrdgr\tsbrdrh\tsbrdrv \ql \li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af37\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0 \f37\fs20\lang1055\langfe1055\cgrid\langnp1055\langfenp1055 \snext11 \ssemihidden \sunhideused Normal Table;}{\*\cs15 \additive \rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f0\fs36\lang0\langfe1055\langnp0\langfenp1055 \sbasedon10 \slink2 \slocked \spriority9 \styrsid5659867 Ba\'fel\'fdk 2 Char;}{\*\cs16 \additive \rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f0\fs20\lang0\langfe1055\langnp0\langfenp1055 \sbasedon10 \slink5 \slocked \spriority9 \styrsid5659867 Ba\'fel\'fdk 5 Char;}{\s17\ql \li0\ri0\sb100\sa100\sbauto1\saauto1\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0 \fs24\lang1055\langfe1055\cgrid\langnp1055\langfenp1055 \sbasedon0 \snext17 \sunhideused \styrsid5659867 Normal (Web);}{\*\cs18 \additive \rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \ul\cf2 \sbasedon10 \sunhideused \styrsid5659867 Hyperlink;}{\s19\ql \li0\ri0\sa120\nowidctlpar\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0 \fs24\lang1055\langfe1055\loch\f0\hich\af0\dbch\af31505\cgrid\langnp1055\langfenp1055 \sbasedon0 \snext19 \styrsid11361978 Text body;}}{\*\pgptbl {\pgp\ipgp0\itap0\li0\ri0\sb0\sa0}{\pgp\ipgp0\itap0\li0\ri0\sb0\sa0}{\pgp\ipgp0\itap0\li0\ri0\sb0\sa0}{\pgp\ipgp0\itap0\li0\ri0\sb0\sa0}{\pgp\ipgp0\itap0\li0\ri0\sb0\sa0}{\pgp\ipgp0\itap0\li0\ri0 \sb0\sa0}{\pgp\ipgp0\itap0\li0\ri0\sb0\sa0}{\pgp\ipgp0\itap0\li0\ri0\sb0\sa0}{\pgp\ipgp0\itap0\li0\ri0\sb0\sa0}}{\*\rsidtbl \rsid218964\rsid287899\rsid1058074\rsid1061158\rsid1259915\rsid1847536\rsid1867092\rsid2184931\rsid2245868\rsid2375552\rsid2441638 \rsid2561566\rsid2890259\rsid3411955\rsid3627368\rsid3630274\rsid4068059\rsid4334613\rsid4799298\rsid5121561\rsid5253522\rsid5445193\rsid5517163\rsid5659867\rsid5664683\rsid5729973\rsid6110823\rsid6238695\rsid6239791\rsid6427977\rsid6629608\rsid7150122 \rsid7541022\rsid7739338\rsid7804577\rsid8397925\rsid8457947\rsid8458969\rsid8536411\rsid8725270\rsid9052462\rsid9061077\rsid9066523\rsid9453329\rsid9458867\rsid9529399\rsid9706532\rsid10774361\rsid10774974\rsid10946291\rsid10946484\rsid11223729 \rsid11361978\rsid11499608\rsid11680184\rsid11811482\rsid12350207\rsid12476559\rsid13060074\rsid13175117\rsid13586730\rsid13918219\rsid13978363\rsid14494010\rsid14618057\rsid15022201\rsid15211780\rsid15667756\rsid15824293\rsid15880102\rsid16015547 \rsid16126243\rsid16466669}{\mmathPr\mmathFont34\mbrkBin0\mbrkBinSub0\msmallFrac0\mdispDef1\mlMargin0\mrMargin0\mdefJc1\mwrapIndent1440\mintLim0\mnaryLim1}{\info{\author Ar\'e7elik}{\operator Windows Kullan\'fdc\'fds\'fd} {\creatim\yr2017\mo4\dy7\hr21\min32}{\revtim\yr2020\mo8\dy27\hr13\min35}{\version47}{\edmins153}{\nofpages8}{\nofwords3800}{\nofchars21664}{\nofcharsws25414}{\vern49247}}{\*\xmlnstbl {\xmlns1 http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/word/2003/wordml}} \paperw11906\paperh16838\margl1417\margr1417\margt1417\margb1417\gutter0\ltrsect \deftab708\widowctrl\ftnbj\aenddoc\hyphhotz425\trackmoves0\trackformatting1\donotembedsysfont1\relyonvml0\donotembedlingdata0\grfdocevents0\validatexml1\showplaceholdtext0\ignoremixedcontent0\saveinvalidxml0 \showxmlerrors1\noxlattoyen\expshrtn\noultrlspc\dntblnsbdb\nospaceforul\formshade\horzdoc\dgmargin\dghspace180\dgvspace180\dghorigin1417\dgvorigin1417\dghshow1\dgvshow1 \jexpand\viewkind1\viewscale100\pgbrdrhead\pgbrdrfoot\splytwnine\ftnlytwnine\htmautsp\nolnhtadjtbl\useltbaln\alntblind\lytcalctblwd\lyttblrtgr\lnbrkrule\nobrkwrptbl\snaptogridincell\allowfieldendsel\wrppunct \asianbrkrule\rsidroot5659867\newtblstyruls\nogrowautofit\utinl \fet0{\*\wgrffmtfilter 2450}\ilfomacatclnup0\ltrpar \sectd \ltrsect\linex0\headery708\footery708\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid287899\sftnbj {\*\pnseclvl1 \pnucrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang {\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl2\pnucltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang {\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl3\pndec\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang {\pntxta .}}{\*\pnseclvl4\pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang {\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl5 \pndec\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang {\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl6\pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang {\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl7\pnlcrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang {\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl8\pnlcltr\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang {\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl9\pnlcrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang {\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql \li0\ri0\sa100\sl23\slmult0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid6427977 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs22\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0 \f37\fs22\lang1055\langfe1033\cgrid\langnp1055\langfenp1033 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [comment][/comment] \par [overline][/overline] \par }\pard \ltrpar\ql \li0\ri0\sa100\sl23\slmult0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14618057 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [headline] }{ \rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6238695\charrsid8397925 1968: Fransa\rquote da genel grev ve \'f6\'f0renci isyan\'fd }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [/headline]}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid14618057 \par }\pard \ltrpar\ql \li-11\ri0\sa100\sl23\slmult0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\outlinelevel3\adjustright\rin0\lin-11\itap0\pararsid6238695 \cbpat8 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [underline]}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6238695\charrsid6238695 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid14494010 1}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6238695\charrsid8397925 . B\'f6l\'fcm: Devrimci bir durum geli\'feiyor}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6238695 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [/underline]\tab }{ \rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6239791\charrsid6238695 \par }\pard \ltrpar\ql \li0\ri0\sa100\sl23\slmult0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14618057 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [author] }{ \rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6238695\charrsid6238695 Peter Schwarz\~}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6238695\charrsid6238695 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [/author]}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid14618057 \par }\pard \ltrpar\ql \li0\ri0\sa100\sl23\slmult0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid6427977 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid1847536\charrsid15880102 [date] 201}{ \rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid2441638\charrsid15880102 8}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid1847536\charrsid15880102 -}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6427977\charrsid15880102 0}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid8536411 5}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 -}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid8536411 29}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [/date] \par }\pard \ltrpar\ql \li0\ri0\sa100\sl23\slmult0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14618057 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [description] }{ \rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6238695 1968 olaylar\'fdndan yar\'fdm }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6238695\charrsid6238695 y\'fczy\'fdl sonra, bu devrimci d\'f6neme ait dersler \'e7ok b\'fcy\'fc k bir \'f6neme sahiptir. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6238695 S}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6238695\charrsid6238695 \'fdn\'fdfsal \'e7eli\'fekiler art\'fdk zapt}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid11499608 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid6238695\charrsid6238695 edilemeyecek bir noktaya ula\'fem\'fd\'fet\'fdr. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [/description]}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid14618057 \par }\pard \ltrpar\ql \li0\ri0\sa100\sl23\slmult0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid6427977 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [keywords] }{ \rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid9458867 Fransa, Macron, }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid14618057 Karl Marx, 1 May\'fds, 1848, 1871, Paris Kom\'fcn\'fc, }{ \rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid14618057\charrsid14618057 Frans\'fdz Kom\'fcnist Partisi, NPA, CGT}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6238695 , 1968, gen\'e7lik, \'f6 \'f0renciler, genel grev, OCI, LCR}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid14618057 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [/keywords] \par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid15022201\charrsid15880102 [filename] }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid13978363 fra1}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791\charrsid15880102 [/filename]}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6239791 \par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid12350207 \par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f31506\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 Giri\'fe \par }\pard \ltrpar\ql \li0\ri0\sa200\sl276\slmult1\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid12350207 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 May\'fds-Haziran 1968\rquote de, bir genel grev Fransa\rquote y\'fd proleter devrimin e\'fei\'f0ine getirmi\'feti. Yakla\'fe\'fdk 10 milyon i\'fe\'e7i, \'fealterleri indirdi, fabrikalar\'fd i\'fegal etti ve \'fclkenin ekonomik ya\'feam\'fdn\'fd durma noktas\'fdna getirdi. Frans\'fd z kapitalizmi ve de Gaulle rejimi, genel grevin kontrol alt\'fdna al\'fdnmas\'fd ve sona erdirilmesi i\'e7in her \'feeyi yapan Frans\'fdz Kom\'fcnist Parti\rquote nin (PCF) ve onun hakimiyetindeki Genel \'dd\'fe\'e7i Konfederasyonu\rquote nun (CGT) deste \'f0iyle ayakta kalm\'fd\'fet\'fd. Frans\'fdz genel grevi \'f6ncesinde, gen\'e7li\'f0in, Vietnam\rquote daki sava\'fea, \'ddran\rquote daki \'deah rejimine, bask\'fdc\'fd toplumsal ortama ve di\'f0er sorunlara kar\'fe\'fd k\'fcresel bir radikalle\'fe mesi s\'f6z konusuydu. Frans\'fdz genel grevi, uluslararas\'fd i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn, \'ddkinci D\'fcnya Sava\'fe\'fd\rquote n\'fdn sona ermesinden o g\'fcne kadar ger\'e7ekle\'femi\'fe en b\'fcy\'fck sald\'fdr\'fds\'fdn\'fdn ba\'felang\'fdc \'fdyd\'fd. \par Bu sald\'fdr\'fd, 1970\rquote lerin ortalar\'fdna kadar s\'fcrd\'fc, h\'fck\'fcmetleri istifaya zorlad\'fd, diktat\'f6rl\'fckleri devirdi ve bir b\'fct\'fcn olarak burjuva egemenli\'f0ini sorgulad\'fd. Almanya\rquote da Eyl\'fcl 1969\rquote de sendikalardan ba\'f0\'fdms\'fdz kitle grevleri, \'ddtalya\rquote da ise \'93s\'fdcak sonbahar\'94 ya\'feand\'fd. Polonya ile \'c7ekoslovakya\rquote da (Prag Bahar\'fd) i\'fe\'e7iler Stalinist diktat\'f6rl\'fc\'f0e kar\'fe\'fd ayakland\'fd. Britanya \rquote da madenciler, 1974\rquote te Muhafazakar Heath h\'fck\'fcmetini devirdi. Yunanistan\rquote da, \'ddspanya\rquote da ve Portekiz\rquote de sa\'f0c\'fd diktat\'f6rl\'fckler y\'fdk\'fdld\'fd. Amerika Birle\'feik Devletleri Vietnam\rquote dan yenilgiyle \'e7ekilmek zorunda kald\'fd. T\'fcrkiye ise, 1980 darbesiyle doru\'f0a ula\'fean, on y\'fdll\'fdk bir toplumsal ve siyasi kutupla\'femaya tan\'fdk oldu. \par Yar\'fdm y\'fczy\'fdl sonra, bu devrimci d\'f6neme ait dersler \'e7ok b\'fcy\'fck bir \'f6neme sahiptir. S\'fdn\'fdf m\'fccadelesi uzun bir s\'fcre boyunca bast\'fdr\'fdlsa da, s\'fdn\'fdfsal \'e7eli\'fekiler art\'fdk zapt edilemeyecek bir noktaya ula\'fe m\'fd\'fet\'fdr. Kapitalizm d\'fcnya genelinde derin bir kriz i\'e7indedir. N\'fcfusun geni\'fe kesimlerinin ya\'feam standartlar\'fd d\'fc\'feerken, toplumun tepesindekiler hayal bile edilemeyecek d\'fczeylerde zenginle\'fetiler. B\'fcy\'fc k emperyalist g\'fc\'e7lerin egemen s\'fdn\'fdflar\'fd, artan toplumsal ve uluslararas\'fd gerilimlere sava\'fe ve militarizm; sosyal ve demokratik haklara y\'f6nelik sald\'fdr\'fdlarla yan\'fdt veriyorlar. B\'fcy\'fcyen direni\'fein ve keskin bir s\'fdn \'fdf m\'fccadelesinin belirtileri d\'fcnya \'e7ap\'fdnda art\'fdyor. ABD\rquote deki \'f6\'f0retmen grevleri; Fransa\rquote daki sar\'fd yelek hareketi; Cezayir\rquote da, Hong Kong\rquote da ve Porto Riko\rquote da ya\'feanan kitlesel g\'f6 steriler, sadece ba\'felang\'fd\'e7t\'fdr. \par Kapitalizm, 1968-1975 d\'f6neminden, m\'fccadeleleri kontrol etmek ve onlar\'fd yenilgiye u\'f0ratmak i\'e7in kitlesel etkisini kullanan Stalinist ve sosyal demokrat partiler ile sendikalar sayesinde sa\'f0 \'e7\'fdkt\'fd. \'dd\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn \'fdn sald\'fdr\'fds\'fd bu b\'fcrokratik ayg\'fdtlar\'fdn etkisini zay\'fdflatm\'fd\'fe olsa da, kendilerini \'93sosyalist\'94, \'93Marksist\'94, hatta \'93Tro\'e7kist\'94 olarak tan\'fdmlayan \'e7e\'feitli \'f6rg\'fctler, yeni bir devrimci \'f6nderli \'f0in geli\'femesini engellediler ve bunun yerine sosyal demokrat partilere; Fransa\rquote da, sonraki 30 y\'fdl boyunca burjuva y\'f6netiminin en \'f6nemli arac\'fd haline gelen Fran\'e7ois Mitterrand\rquote \'fdn Sosyalist Partisi\rquote ne, Almanya \rquote da ise 1970\rquote lerde etkisinin zirvesine ula\'fean Willy Brandt y\'f6netimindeki Sosyal Demokratlara y\'f6neldiler. \par Lev Tro\'e7ki, 1930\rquote larda, \'dc\'e7\'fcnc\'fc (Kom\'fcnist) Enternasyonal Stalinizmin etkisi alt\'fdnda geri d\'f6n\'fclemez bi\'e7imde burjuva kar\'fe\'fddevrim kamp\'fdna ge\'e7ti\'f0i i\'e7in, D\'f6rd\'fcnc\'fc Enternasyonal\rquote in kurulmas \'fd inisiyatifini alm\'fd\'fet\'fd. Ancak, 1938\rquote de kurulmas\'fdndan k\'fdsa bir s\'fcre sonra, D\'f6rd\'fcnc\'fc Enternasyonal i\'e7inde k\'fc\'e7\'fck burjuva e\'f0ilimler ortaya \'e7\'fdkt\'fd ve onlar, i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fd n yenilgilerinden (1927\rquote de \'c7in\rquote de, 1933\rquote te Almanya\rquote da ve 1939\rquote da \'ddspanya\rquote da), \'f6nderli\'f0in ihanetlerini de\'f0il ama i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn devrimci g\'f6revini yerine getirmedeki yetersizli \'f0ini sorumlu tuttular. \par \'dd\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn devrimci rol\'fcne y\'f6nelik sald\'fdr\'fd, 1953\rquote te, Michel Pablo ve Ernest Mandel \'f6nderli\'f0indeki revizyonist bir e\'f0ilimin, Stalinist, sosyal demokrat ve burjuva ulusalc\'fd hareketlerin nesnel olaylar \'fdn bask\'fds\'fd alt\'fdnda devrimci \'f6nlemler alacaklar\'fd iddias\'fdyla, D\'f6rd\'fcnc\'fc Enternasyonal\rquote in \'feubelerini onlar\'fdn i\'e7inde tasfiye etme giri\'feimi ile sonu\'e7land\'fd. Onlar, Cezayir\rquote deki Bin Bella ve K\'fcba \rquote daki Fidel Castro gibi Stalinist ve ulusalc\'fd \'f6nderleri Tro\'e7kizmin s\'f6zde \'93alternatifleri\'94 olarak \'f6vd\'fcler. D\'f6rd\'fcnc\'fc Enternasyonal\rquote in Uluslararas\'fd Komitesi (DEUK), bu d\'f6nemde, Pablocu revizyonizme kar\'fe \'fd D\'f6rd\'fcnc\'fc Enternasyonal\rquote in program\'fdna dayal\'fd ba\'f0\'fdms\'fdz devrimci i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fd partilerinin in\'feas\'fdn\'fd savunmak i\'e7in kuruldu. \par Bu dizinin \'fc\'e7\'fcnc\'fc ve d\'f6rd\'fcnc\'fc b\'f6l\'fcmleri, 1968 olaylar\'fd s\'fdras\'fdnda Pablocu Birle\'feik Sekreterlik\rquote in Fransa \'feubesi olan, Alain Krivine\rquote \'fdn Devrimci Kom\'fcnist Gen\'e7lik\rquote inin (}{\rtlch\fcs1 \ai\af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 Jeunesse communiste r\'e9volutionnaire}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 , JCR) oynad\'fd\'f0\'fd rol\'fc a\'e7\'fdklamaktad\'fdr. JCR, PCF\rquote nin ve CGT\rquote nin ihanetlerinin \'fczerini \'f6rtt\'fc ve kendisini anar\'feist, Maocu ve di\'f0er k\'fc\'e7\'fck burjuva \'f6\'f0renci gruplar\'fd i\'e7inde eritti. Bug\'fcn, onun geride kalan \'fcyeleri, Tro\'e7kizmi a\'e7\'fdk\'e7 a reddeden, Stalinistler, Sosyalist Parti ve di\'f0er burjuva partileri ile i\'febirli\'f0i i\'e7inde olan, Libya\rquote da ve Suriye\rquote de \'93insani\'94 emperyalist m\'fcdahalelerin propagandas\'fdn\'fd yapan Yeni Anti-Kapitalist Parti\rquote nin (} {\rtlch\fcs1 \ai\af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 Nouveau parti anticapitaliste}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 , NPA) bir par\'e7as\'fdd\'fdr. 1974\rquote de kendisini Devrimci Kom\'fc nist Birlik (LCR) olarak adland\'fdr\'fdlan JCR\rquote nin bir\'e7ok eski \'fcyesi ise, kariyerlerine uzun s\'fcredir Sosyalist Parti\rquote de ve di\'f0er burjuva \'f6rg\'fctlerde devam ediyorlar. \par DEUK, 1968\rquote de, Stalinizmin, sosyal demokrasinin ve burjuva ulusalc\'fdl\'fd\'f0\'fdn\'fdn siyasi etkisine kar\'fe\'fd m\'fccadele eden tek e\'f0ilimdi. Bununla birlikte DEUK, bu m\'fccadeleyi, sadece geni\'fe b\'fcrokratik \'f6rg\'fctlerin de\'f0 il, ayn\'fd zamanda Pabloculu\'f0un a\'fea\'f0\'fdl\'fdk rol\'fcnden de kaynaklanan a\'fe\'fdr\'fd yal\'fdt\'fdlm\'fd\'fel\'fdk ko\'feullar\'fdnda veriyordu. Faaliyet y\'fcr\'fctt\'fc\'f0\'fc ortam\'fdn toplumsal ve ideolojik bas\'fdn\'e7lar\'fd alt\'fd nda, DEUK\rquote un saflar\'fdnda uyarlanmac\'fd e\'f0ilimler geli\'feti. \par 1953\rquote te DEUK\rquote un kurucular\'fdndan olan Fransa\rquote daki Enternasyonalist Kom\'fcnist \'d6rg\'fct (}{\rtlch\fcs1 \ai\af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 Organisation communiste internationaliste}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 , OCI), 1968\rquote de merkezci bir politika izledi. Binlerce deneyimsiz \'fcye partiye ak\'fdn ettik\'e7e, OCI keskin bir bi\'e7imde sa\'f0a y\'f6neldi. OCI, 1971\rquote de Uluslararas\'fd Komite\rquote den ayr\'fdld\'fd ve \'fcyelerini Mitterrand\rquote \'fdn Sosyalist Partisi\rquote ne (PS) y\'f6nlendirdi. O zamanlar PS\rquote ye kat\'fdlan OCI \'fcyeleri aras\'fdnda, PS\rquote nin sonraki \'f6nderi ve Fransa Ba\'febakan\'fd Lionel Jospin, \'feu anki \'f6nderi Jean-Christophe Cambad\'e9lis ve Fransa\rquote daki Sol Parti\rquote nin kurucusu ve Boyun E\'f0meyen Fransa\rquote n\'fdn \'f6nderi olan Jean-Luc M\'e9lenchon da vard\'fd. \'93Sol\'94 bir milliyet\'e7i olan M\'e9lenchon, n\'fckleer silahl\'fd bir g\'fc\'e7 olarak Fransa\rquote y\'fd savunuyor ve zorunlu askerli\'f0in yeniden uygulanmas\'fd \'e7a\'f0r\'fds\'fd yap\'fdyor. \par Bu dizinin son d\'f6rt k\'fdsm\'fd, OCI\rquote nin rol\'fc, tarihi ve onun burjuva egemenli\'f0inin \'f6nemli bir destek\'e7isine d\'f6n\'fc\'femesine yol a\'e7an teorik ve politik sorunlar\'fd ayr\'fdnt\'fdl\'fd olarak ele al\'fd yor. Bu deneyimlerin incelenmesi ve anla\'fe\'fdlmas\'fd, i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn yakla\'fean m\'fccadelelerine haz\'fdrlanmada son derece \'f6nemlidir. \par Pablocular\'fdn ve OCI\rquote nin evrimi, k\'fc\'e7\'fck burjuva akademisyenler aras\'fdndaki sa\'f0a kayman\'fdn bir par\'e7as\'fdyd\'fd. Her ne kadar g\'f6r\'fcn\'fc\'fete Marksist s\'f6zc\'fckler kullansalar da, 1968\rquote deki bir\'e7ok \'f6\'f0 renci \'f6nderinin d\'fc\'fe\'fcnceleri Frankfurt Okulu, varolu\'fe\'e7uluk ve i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn devrimci rol\'fcn\'fc reddeden di\'f0er Marksizm kar\'fe\'fdt\'fd e\'f0ilimler eliyle bi\'e7imlenmi\'feti. Onlar, \'93devrim\'94 derken (fazlas \'fdyla kulland\'fdklar\'fd bir kavram), devlet iktidar\'fdn\'fdn i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fd taraf\'fdndan ele ge\'e7irilmesini de\'f0il; k\'fc\'e7\'fck burjuva bireyin toplumsal, ki\'feisel ve cinsel \'f6zg\'fcrle\'femesini kastediyorlard\'fd. \par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 D\'fcnya Sosyalist Web Sitesi}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid12350207\charrsid12350207 \rquote nin uluslararas\'fd yay\'fdn kurulu ba\'fekan\'fd David North, \'93 Sahte Solun Teorik ve Tarihsel K\'f6kenleri\'94 adl\'fd makalesinde, i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn May\'fds 1968\rquote de Fransa\rquote daki m\'fcdahalesinin \'93Frans\'fdz ayd\'fdnlar\'fdn\'fdn geni\'fe kesimleri \'fczerinde travmatik bir etkisi oldu \'f0unu\'94 yazm\'fd\'fe ve eklemi\'feti: \'93Onlar\'fdn devrim ile tan\'fd\'femalar\'fd, sa\'f0a do\'f0ru keskin bir harekete yol a\'e7t\'fd.\'94 Jean-Francois Revel ile Bernard-Henri Levy\rquote nin de aralar\'fdnda bulundu\'f0u \'93yeni d\'fc\'fe\'fcn \'fcrler, ikiy\'fczl\'fc \lquote insan haklar\'fd\rquote bayra\'f0\'fd alt\'fdnda kom\'fcnizm kar\'fe\'fdtl\'fd\'f0\'fdn\'fd benimsediler.\'94 Jean-Francois Lyotard \'f6nderli\'f0indeki bir ba\'feka d\'fc\'fe\'fcn\'fcr grubu, \'93Marksizmi reddedi\'fe lerini, postmodernizmin d\'fc\'fe\'fcnsel olarak nihilist form\'fclasyonlar\'fd ile gerek\'e7elendirdiler.\'94 Varolu\'fe\'e7u yazar Andr\'e9 Gorz, \'93Elveda Proletarya\'94 ba\'fel\'fd\'f0\'fdn\'fd ta\'fe\'fdyan k\'fd\'fek\'fdrt\'fdc\'fd bir kitap yazd \'fd. \par Bu ayd\'fdnlar, 1968\rquote i, kendi ki\'feisel toplumsal ilerlemelerinde bir a\'feama olarak g\'f6ren ve daha sonra devlet bakanl\'fdklar\'fdnda, yaz\'fd i\'feleri b\'fcrolar\'fdnda ve \'feirket y\'f6netim kurullar\'fdnda \'f6nderlik pozisyonlar\'fdn\'fd dolduracak olan orta s\'fdn\'fdf ad\'fdna konu\'feuyorlard\'fd. Bu dizinin d\'f6rd\'fcnc\'fc b\'f6l\'fcm\'fcnde, uzun s\'fcre LCR\rquote nin \'fcyesi olan Edwy Plenel\rquote e de\'f0iniliyor. Plenel, \'f6nde gelen gazete Le Monde\rquote un edit\'f6r\'fc olarak, 2001\rquote de \'fe\'f6yle yaz\'fdyordu: \'93Ben tek ba\'fe\'fdma de\'f0ildim. Tro\'e7kist olan ya da olmayan, a\'fe\'fdr\'fd solda aktif olduktan sonra militan dersleri reddeden ve o d\'f6neme ait yan\'fdlsamalar\'fdm\'fdza k\'fdsmen ele\'fe tirel bir bi\'e7imde yakla\'fean, kesinlikle on binlerce ki\'feiydik.\'94 \par \'d6nderlerini uzun s\'fcre 1968\rquote in militanlar\'fdndan toplam\'fd\'fe olan Almanya\rquote daki Ye\'feiller, bu s\'fcreci somutla\'fet\'fdrmaktad\'fdr. Onlar, k\'fc\'e7\'fck burjuva bir protesto, \'e7evrecilik ve bar\'fd\'feseve rlik partisinden Alman militarizmi i\'e7in g\'fcvenilir bir dayana\'f0a d\'f6n\'fc\'fet\'fcler. Frans\'fdz \'f6\'f0renci isyan\'fdn\'fdn, en az\'fdndan medyadaki en bilinen \'f6nderlerinden olan Daniel Cohn-Bendit, 1999\rquote da Almanya D\'fd\'fei\'fe leri Bakan\'fd olarak Yugoslavya\rquote da ger\'e7ekle\'feen ve \'ddkinci D\'fcnya Sava\'fe\'fd\rquote ndan o g\'fcne kadarki ilk Alman askeri m\'fcdahalesinden sorumlu olan Joschka Fischer\rquote in ak\'fdl hocas\'fd ve arkada\'fe\'fdyd\'fd. Libya \rquote ya kar\'fe\'fd sava\'fe\'fd destekleyen Avrupa parlamentosunun Ye\'feil \'fcyesi olan Cohn-Bendit, Avrupa Birli\'f0i\rquote ni savunuyor ve Fransa Devlet Ba\'fekan\'fd Emmanuel Macron\rquote dan \'f6vg\'fcyle s\'f6z ediyor. \par G\'fcn\'fcm\'fczde canlanmaya ba\'felayan s\'fdn\'fdf \'e7at\'fd\'femas\'fd, 1968-1975 d\'f6nemi m\'fccadeleleri s\'fdras\'fdnda oldu\'f0undan \'e7ok farkl\'fd ko\'feullar alt\'fdnda ger\'e7ekle\'feiyor. \par \'d6ncelikle, burjuvazi art\'fdk toplumsal \'f6d\'fcnler verecek ekonomik hareket alan\'fdna sahip de\'f0il. 1968\rquote deki hareket, Bretton Woods sisteminin 1971\rquote de sona ermesine ve 1973\rquote te yeni bir durgunlu\'f0a yol a\'e7an 1966\rquote daki ilk b\'fcy\'fck sava\'fe sonras\'fd durgunluk eliyle tetiklenmi\'feti. Fakat sava\'fe sonras\'fd h\'fdzl\'fd b\'fcy\'fcme, doruk noktas\'fdna bu d\'f6nemde hen\'fcz ula\'fem\'fd\'fet\'fd. Burjuvazi, \'fccretlere ve \'e7al\'fd\'fema ko\'feullar\'fd na y\'f6nelik \'f6nemli iyile\'fetirmelerle, grevlere ve protestolara son verdi. \'dcniversiteler, isyanc\'fd gen\'e7leri sokaklardan \'e7ekmek i\'e7in b\'fcy\'fck \'f6l\'e7\'fcde geni\'feletildi. \par Ulusal bir \'e7er\'e7eve i\'e7inde bu t\'fcr reformlar art\'fdk m\'fcmk\'fcn de\'f0ildir. K\'fcresel rekabet g\'fcc\'fc m\'fccadelesi ve uluslararas\'fd finans piyasalar\'fdn\'fdn \'fcretimin her alan\'fdndaki egemenli\'f0i, dibe do\'f0ru ac\'fdmas\'fd z bir yar\'fd\'fe ba\'felatm\'fd\'fet\'fdr. \par \'ddkinci olarak, yar\'fdm as\'fdr \'f6nce milyonlarca \'fcyeye sahip olan ve kapitalizmin ya\'feamas\'fdn\'fd sa\'f0layan Stalinist ve sosyal demokrat \'f6rg\'fctler, art\'fdk b\'fcy\'fck \'f6l\'e7\'fcde itibars\'fdzla\'fem\'fd\'fet\'fdr. Stalinist b\'fc rokrasi taraf\'fdndan da\'f0\'fdt\'fdlmas\'fdn\'fdn ard\'fdndan, Sovyetler Birli\'f0i art\'fdk yok. \'c7in, Maocu Kom\'fcnist Parti taraf\'fdndan, i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn kapitalist s\'f6m\'fcr\'fcs\'fc i\'e7in bir cennete d\'f6n\'fc\'fet\'fcr \'fcld\'fc. Fransa\rquote daki Sosyalist Parti, di\'f0er sosyal demokrat partiler gibi \'e7\'f6kt\'fc; Almanya Sosyal Demokrat Partisi (SPD) serbest d\'fc\'fe\'fc\'fee ge\'e7ti. Sendikalar, i\'feten \'e7\'fdkarmalar\'fd \'f6rg\'fctleyen ve i\'fe\'e7 ilerin nefret etti\'f0i e\'fe y\'f6neticilere d\'f6n\'fc\'fet\'fcr\'fcld\'fc. \par Uluslararas\'fd Komite\rquote yi 1968\rquote de yal\'fdtan sahte sol \'f6rg\'fctler, burjuva devlete ve onun kurumlar\'fdna uyarlanm\'fd\'fe durumdalar. Onlar, i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdna y\'f6nelik sald\'fdr\'fdlar\'fd ve emperyalist sava\'felar\'fd destekliyorlar. Bu, en a\'e7\'fdk bi\'e7imde, \'93Radikal Sol Koalisyon\'94un (Syriza) uluslararas\'fd bankalar ad\'fdna i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn ya\'feam standartlar\'fdn\'fd k\'fdr\'fdp ge\'e7irme sorumlulu\'f0unu \'fcstlendi\'f0i Yunanistan \rquote da g\'f6r\'fcld\'fc. Yakla\'fean s\'fdn\'fdf m\'fccadeleleri, bu b\'fcrokratik \'f6rg\'fctlere ve onlar\'fdn i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fd i\'e7in bir tuzak haline gelmi\'fe olan sahte sol uzant\'fdlar\'fdna kar\'fe\'fd bir ba\'fekald\'fdr\'fd bi\'e7 iminde geli\'feecek. \par D\'f6rd\'fcnc\'fc Enternasyonal\rquote in Uluslararas\'fd Komitesi ve onun Stalinizme, sosyal demokrasiye, Pablocu revizyonizme ve k\'fc\'e7\'fck burjuva sahte sol politikan\'fdn di\'f0er bi\'e7imlerine kar\'fe\'fd tarihsel m\'fccadelesi, i\'fe\'e7i s\'fd n\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn bu m\'fccadeleler i\'e7in silahland\'fdr\'fdlmas\'fdnda belirleyici olacakt\'fdr. DEUK\rquote un bu e\'f0ilimlerin sa\'f0a kaymas\'fdn\'fd \'f6ng\'f6rme ve rollerini a\'e7\'fd\'f0a \'e7\'fdkarma yetene\'f0i, onun \'feimdi in\'fe a edilmesi gereken Marksist parti oldu\'f0unu do\'f0rulamaktad\'fdr. DEUK ve \'feubeleri Sosyalist E\'feitlik Partileri, kapitalizme ve sava\'fea kar\'fe\'fd m\'fccadelede i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fd birle\'fetirebilecek sosyalist bir program\'fd temsil eden tek e\'f0ilimdir. \par Peter Schwarz \par A\'f0ustos 2019}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid12350207 \par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af37 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid13978363\charrsid12350207 \par }\pard \ltrpar\ql \li0\ri0\sa200\sl276\slmult1\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13978363 {\rtlch\fcs1 \ab\af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\insrsid13978363 1. Devrimci bir durum geli\'feiyor}{\rtlch\fcs1 \ab\af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\insrsid13978363\charrsid13978363 \par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \ab\af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\insrsid13978363 1968 \'f6ncesi Fransa \par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid13978363 Fransa, 1960\rquote larda, derin bir \'e7eli\'feki ile karakterize ediliyordu. Siyasi rejim otoriter ve son derece gericiydi. Onun simgesi, ba\'feka bir \'e7a\'f0dan gelmi\'fe gibi g\'f6r\'fcnen ve Be\'fe inci Cumhuriyet\rquote i tamamen kendi ki\'feili\'f0ini \'f6rnek alarak y\'f6neten General de Gaulle\rquote d\'fc. De Gaulle, 1958\rquote de devlet ba\'fekan\'fd se\'e7ildi\'f0inde 68, 1969\rquote da istifa etti\'f0inde ise 78 ya\'fe\'fdndayd\'fd . Bununla birlikte, bu eski generalin kemikle\'femi\'fe y\'f6netimi alt\'fdnda, Frans\'fdz toplumunun sosyal bile\'feimini k\'f6kten de\'f0i\'fetiren h\'fdzl\'fd bir ekonomik modernle\'feme ya\'fean\'fdyordu. \'ddkinci D\'fcnya Sava\'fe\'fd\rquote n\'fd n sonunda, Fransa\rquote n\'fdn b\'fcy\'fck bir k\'fdsm\'fd tar\'fdma dayanmakta, n\'fcfusun y\'fczde 37\rquote si hala k\'fdrsal b\'f6lgelerde ya\'feamaktayd\'fd. Sonraki 20 y\'fdl i\'e7inde, Frans\'fdz \'e7ift\'e7ilerin \'fc\'e7te ikisi topra\'f0\'fd terk etti ve kentlere ta\'fe\'fdnd\'fd. Onlar, g\'f6\'e7men i\'fe\'e7ilerle birlikte, i\'fe\'e7i s\'fdn\'fdf\'fdn\'fdn saflar\'fdna, sendika b\'fcrokrasisinin kontrol alt\'fdna almas\'fd zor olan, gen\'e7 ve militan bir toplumsal kesimi katt\'fdlar. \par 1962\rquote de Cezayir Sava\'fe\'fd\rquote n\'fdn bitmesinden sonra, Frans\'fdz ekonomisi h\'fdzla b\'fcy\'fcd\'fc. S\'f6m\'fcrgelerin kayb\'fd, Frans\'fdz burjuvazisini, ekonomisini daha g\'fc\'e7l\'fc bir \'feekilde Avrupa\rquote ya y\'f6 nlendirmeye zorlad\'fd. Fransa, Avrupa Birli\'f0i\rquote nin \'f6nc\'fcl\'fc olan Avrupa Ekonomik Toplulu\'f0u\rquote nun kurulu\'fe belgesi Roma Antla\'femas\'fd\rquote n\'fd 1957 y\'fdl\'fdnda imzalam\'fd\'fet\'fd. Avrupa\rquote n\'fdn ekonomik b\'fct \'fcnle\'femesi, k\'f6m\'fcr madenlerinin ve di\'f0er eski i\'fekollar\'fdn\'fdn gerilemesini telafi etmekten daha fazlas\'fd olan yeni sanayi dallar\'fdn\'fdn kurulmas\'fdna katk\'fdda bulundu. Otomobil, u\'e7ak, havac\'fdl\'fdk, silah ve n\'fc kleer enerji alanlar\'fdnda, devletin deste\'f0iyle yeni \'feirketler ve fabrikalar a\'e7\'fdld\'fd. Bunlar genellikle eski sanayi merkezlerinin d\'fd\'fe\'fdnda kurulmu\'felard\'fd ve 1968\rquote deki genel grevin kaleleri aras\'fdnda yer ald\'fdlar. \par Normandiya\rquote daki Caen kenti bu a\'e7\'fddan tipiktir. Orada oturanlar\'fdn say\'fds\'fd 1954 ile 1968 y\'fdllar\'fd aras\'fdnda 90.000\rquote den 150.000\rquote e \'e7\'fdkm\'fd\'fet\'fd ve bu insanlar\'fdn yar\'fds\'fd 30 ya\'fe\'fdn\'fdn alt\'fd ndayd\'fd. Otomobil \'fcreticisi Renault\rquote nun bir yan kurulu\'feu olan Saviem\rquote de yakla\'fe\'fdk 3.000 i\'fe\'e7i \'e7al\'fd\'fe\'fdyordu. Onlar, genel grevden d\'f6rt ay \'f6nce, Ocak ay\'fdnda greve \'e7\'fdkt\'fdlar, fabrikay\'fd ge\'e7 ici olarak i\'fegal ettiler ve polis ile \'feiddetli \'e7at\'fd\'femalara girdiler. \par Sendikalar i\'e7indeki radikalle\'feme de dikkat \'e7ekiciydi. Eski Katolik sendika, Frans\'fdz Hristiyan \'dd\'fe\'e7i Konfederasyonu (CFTC) b\'f6l\'fcnd\'fc ve \'fcyelerin \'e7o\'f0unlu\'f0u \'93s\'fdn\'fdf m\'fccadelesi\'94ni kabul eden ve 1966\rquote n\'fdn ba\'felar\'fdnda CGT ile bir eylem birli\'f0ine giren Frans\'fdz Demokratik \'dd\'fe\'e7i Konfederasyonu\rquote nda (CFDT) laik temelde yeniden \'f6rg\'fctlendi. \par Yeni sanayilerin kurulmas\'fd, e\'f0itim sekt\'f6r\'fcn\'fcn h\'fdzla geni\'felemesini beraberinde getirdi. Acilen yeni m\'fchendisler, teknisyenler ve kalifiye elemanlar gerekiyordu. Sadece 1962 ile 1968 y\'fdllar\'fd aras\'fdnda, \'f6\'f0renci say\'fds \'fd iki kat\'fdna \'e7\'fdkm\'fd\'fet\'fd. \'dcniversiteler, fabrikalar gibi a\'fe\'fdr\'fd kalabal\'fdk ve k\'f6t\'fc donan\'fdml\'fdyd\'fd. Ayr\'fdca \'e7a\'f0d\'fd\'fe\'fd tav\'fdrlar sergileyen ataerkil bir y\'f6netim taraf\'fd ndan kontrol ediliyordu. \par K\'f6t\'fc e\'f0itim ko\'feullar\'fdna ve otoriter \'fcniversite sistemine (di\'f0er \'feeylerin yan\'fd s\'fdra, \'f6rne\'f0in, \'f6\'f0rencilerin kar\'fe\'fd cinsten arkada\'felar\'fdn\'fd yurtlarda ziyaret etmesinin yasak olmas\'fdna) kar\'fe\'fd muhalefet, bu t\'fcr sorunlar\'fd k\'fdsa s\'fcre i\'e7inde politika ile birle\'fetiren \'f6\'f0rencilerin radikalle\'femesinde \'f6nemli bir etkendi. May\'fds 1966\rquote da, Vietnam Sava\'fe\'fd\rquote na kar\'fe\'fd ilk g\'f6steri ger\'e7ekle\'fe ti. Bir y\'fdl sonra, 2 Haziran 1967\rquote de, Benno Ohnesorg adl\'fd bir \'f6\'f0renci Berlin\rquote de polis taraf\'fdndan vurularak \'f6ld\'fcr\'fcld\'fc ve Alman \'f6\'f0rencilerin protestolar\'fd Fransa\rquote da yank\'fd buldu. \par Ayn\'fd y\'fdl, d\'fcnya \'e7ap\'fdndaki durgunlu\'f0un etkileri hissediliyordu ve bunun i\'fe\'e7iler \'fczerinde radikalle\'fetirici bir etkisi oldu. Onlar\'fdn ya\'feam standartlar\'fd ve \'e7al\'fd\'fema ko\'feullar\'fd, y\'fdllard\'fdr, ekonomik kalk \'fdnma h\'fdz\'fdn\'fdn gerisinde kalm\'fd\'fet\'fd. \'dccretler d\'fc\'fe\'fckt\'fc, \'e7al\'fd\'fema saatleri uzundu ve i\'fe\'e7iler fabrikalar\'fdn i\'e7inde hi\'e7bir hakka sahip de\'f0ildi. \'deimdi de i\'fesizlik ve i\'fe y\'fck\'fc art\'fd yordu. Madencilik, \'e7elik, tekstil ve in\'feaat sekt\'f6rleri durgundu. \par Sendikalar\'fdn \'f6nderlikleri kontrol\'fc kaybetmemek i\'e7in yukar\'fddan g\'f6steriler d\'fczenliyorlard\'fd. Ancak tabandan \'f6rg\'fctlenen yerel protestolar geli\'feiyor ve polis taraf\'fdndan vah\'feice bast\'fdr\'fdl\'fdyordu. \'deubat 1967 \rquote de, Besan\'e7on kentindeki tekstil \'fcreticisi Rhodiac\'e9ta\rquote da \'e7al\'fd\'feanlar, fabrikay\'fd i\'fegal eden, i\'feten \'e7\'fdkarmalar\'fd protesto eden ve daha iyi \'e7al\'fd\'fema ko\'feullar\'fd talep eden ilk i\'fe\'e7ilerdi. \par \'c7ift\'e7iler de gelirlerin azalmas\'fdna kar\'fe\'fd g\'f6steriler d\'fczenliyordu. 1967\rquote de, Fransa\rquote n\'fdn bat\'fds\'fdnda \'e7ift\'e7iler taraf\'fdndan d\'fczenlenen baz\'fd g\'f6steriler sokak sava\'felar\'fdna d\'f6n\'fc\'fet\'fc. D \'f6nemin bir polis raporuna g\'f6re, \'e7ift\'e7iler \'93\'e7ok say\'fdda, sald\'fdrgan ve \'f6rg\'fctl\'fcyd\'fc; c\'fdvatalar, kald\'fdr\'fdm ta\'felar\'fd, metal par\'e7alar\'fd, \'fei\'feeler ve \'e7ak\'fdl ta\'felar\'fd gibi \'e7e\'fe itli cisimlerle silahlanm\'fd\'felard\'fd.\'94 \par 1968\rquote in ba\'fe\'fdnda, Fransa g\'f6r\'fcn\'fc\'fete sakindi ama toplumsal gerilimler alttan alta mayalan\'fdyordu. B\'fct\'fcn \'fclke barut f\'fd\'e7\'fds\'fdn\'fd and\'fdr\'fdyordu. Patlamaya neden olacak \'feey rastgele bir k\'fdv\'fdlc\'fdmd \'fd ve bu k\'fdv\'fdlc\'fdm \'f6\'f0renci protestolar\'fd taraf\'fdndan \'e7ak\'fdld\'fd. \par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \ab\af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\insrsid13978363 \'d6\'f0renci isyan\'fd ve genel grev \par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid13978363 Nanterre \'dcniversitesi, 1960\rquote larda kurulan okullar aras\'fdndad\'fdr. Paris\rquote in sadece be\'fe kilometre d\'fd\'fe\'fdnda bulunan ve daha \'f6nce orduya ait olan bir arazi \'fczerine in\'fe a edilen \'fcniversite, 1964 y\'fdl\'fdnda a\'e7\'fdlm\'fd\'fet\'fdr. Buras\'fd, \'93bidonvilles\'94 [gecekondu mahallesi] diye adland\'fdr\'fdlan yoksul mahallelerle ve fabrikalarla \'e7evriliydi. 8 Ocak 1968\rquote de, protestocu \'f6\'f0 renciler, yeni bir y\'fczme havuzu a\'e7mak i\'e7in b\'f6lgede bulunan Gen\'e7lik Bakan\'fd Fran\'e7ois Missoffe ile tart\'fd\'fem\'fd\'felard\'fd. \par Bu olay, bir ba\'fe\'fdna g\'f6rece \'f6nemsiz olmakla birlikte, \'f6\'f0rencilere y\'f6nelik disiplin \'f6nlemlerini ve polisin tekrarlanan m\'fcdahalelerini t\'fdrmand\'fdrd\'fd ve Nanterre\rquote i, h\'fdzla t\'fcm \'fclkedeki \'fc niversitelere ve liselere yay\'fdlan bir hareketin ba\'felang\'fd\'e7 noktas\'fd haline getirdi. Hareketin merkezinde, daha iyi \'f6\'f0renim ko\'feullar\'fd, \'fcniversiteye serbest eri\'feim, daha fazla ki\'feisel ve siyasal \'f6zg\'fcrl\'fc kler, tutuklanan \'f6\'f0rencilerin serbest b\'fdrak\'fdlmas\'fd ve ayr\'fdca, ABD\rquote nin Ocak ay\'fdn\'fdn sonunda Tet Sald\'fdr\'fds\'fd\rquote n\'fd ba\'felatt\'fd\'f0\'fd Vietnam Sava\'fe\'fd\rquote na kar\'fe\'fd talepler bulunuyordu. \par Caen ve Bordeaux gibi baz\'fd \'feehirlerde i\'fe\'e7iler, \'f6\'f0renciler ve lise \'f6\'f0rencileri hep birlikte sokaklara d\'f6k\'fcld\'fcler. 12 Nisan\rquote da, Berlin\rquote de kudurmu\'fe bir sa\'f0c\'fd taraf\'fdndan sokakta vurulan Alman \'f6\'f0 renci Rudi Dutschke\rquote ye destek i\'e7in Paris\rquote te bir dayan\'fd\'fema g\'f6sterisi d\'fczenlendi. \par 22 Mart\rquote ta, 142 \'f6\'f0renci Nanterre \'dcniversitesi\rquote nin y\'f6netim binas\'fdn\'fd i\'fegal etti. Y\'f6netim, bu i\'fegale, \'fcniversiteyi bir ay boyunca tamamen kapatarak kar\'fe\'fdl\'fdk verdi. \'c7at\'fd\'fema, ard\'fdndan, Paris \rquote teki Latin Mahallesi\rquote nde bulunan, Fransa\rquote n\'fdn en eski \'fcniversitesi Sorbonne\rquote a kayd\'fd. 3 May\'fds\rquote ta, \'e7e\'feitli \'f6\'f0renci \'f6rg\'fctlerinin temsilcileri, kampanyan\'fdn nas\'fdl ilerlemesi gerekti\'f0 ini tart\'fd\'femak i\'e7in bir araya geldiler. Bu s\'fdrada a\'fe\'fdr\'fd sa\'f0c\'fd gruplar d\'fd\'fear\'fdda g\'f6steri yap\'fdyordu. \'dcniversite dekan\'fd \'f6\'f0rencileri kamp\'fcsten \'e7\'fdkarmas\'fd i\'e7in polise \'e7a\'f0r\'fd yapt\'fd . Kendili\'f0inden, b\'fcy\'fck bir g\'f6steri patlak verdi. Polisin tepkisi \'e7ok sert olurken, \'f6\'f0renciler buna barikatlar kurarak kar\'fe\'fdl\'fdk verdiler. Gecenin sonunda y\'fczlerce ki\'fei yaralanm\'fd\'fe ve y\'fczlercesi de tutuklanm\'fd \'fet\'fd. Bir mahkeme, tutuklamalardan bir g\'fcn sonra, polislerin ifadesine dayanarak 13 \'f6\'f0renciye sert cezalar verdi. \par H\'fck\'fcmet ve medya, Latin Mahallesi\rquote ndeki sokak sava\'felar\'fdn\'fd radikal gruplar\'fdn ve sorunlu ki\'feilerin i\'fei gibi g\'f6stermeye \'e7al\'fd\'fet\'fd. Bu \'f6\'f0renci kar\'fe\'fdt\'fd koroya Kom\'fcnist Parti de kat\'fdld\'fd . Daha sonra genel sekreter olan partinin iki numaral\'fd ki\'feisi Georges Marchais, parti gazetesi }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\insrsid13978363\charrsid7739338 I\rquote Humanit\'e9}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \insrsid13978363 \rquote nin \'f6 n sayfas\'fdnda, \'93sahte devrimci\'94 \'f6\'f0rencilere yayl\'fdm ate\'fei a\'e7t\'fd ve onlar\'fd \'93fa\'feist provokat\'f6rlere\'94 yard\'fdmc\'fd olmakla su\'e7lad\'fd. Marchais, en \'e7ok, \'f6\'f0rencilerin \'93fabrika kap\'fdlar\'fdnda ve g\'f6 \'e7men i\'fe\'e7i mahallelerinde artan say\'fdlarda bro\'fe\'fcr ve di\'f0er propaganda malzemesi da\'f0\'fdtmalar\'fd\'94 ger\'e7e\'f0inden rahats\'fdz olmu\'fetu. O, \'93Bu sahte devrimciler, nesnel olarak de Gaullc\'fc rejimin ve b\'fcy\'fc k kapitalist tekellerin \'e7\'fdkarlar\'fdna hizmet ettikleri i\'e7in te\'fehir edilmelidir,\'94 diye hayk\'fdr\'fdyordu. \par Ancak, bu karalama sald\'fdr\'fds\'fdn\'fdn hi\'e7bir etkisi olmad\'fd. Polisin son derece sert m\'fcdahalelerini radyodan \'f6\'f0renen \'fclke \'feok oldu. Olaylar art\'fdk kendi devinimiyle geli\'feiyordu. Paris\rquote teki g\'f6steriler her ge\'e7en g \'fcn daha da b\'fcy\'fcd\'fc ve di\'f0er \'feehirlere yay\'fdld\'fd. Bu g\'f6steriler polis bask\'fds\'fdna y\'f6nelikti ve tutuklanan \'f6\'f0rencilerin serbest b\'fdrak\'fdlmas\'fdn\'fd talep ediyorlard\'fd. Boykota lise \'f6\'f0rencileri de kat\'fdld \'fdlar. 8 May\'fds\rquote ta, Bat\'fd Fransa\rquote da ilk bir g\'fcnl\'fck genel grev ger\'e7ekle\'feti. \par Latin Mahallesi, 10-11 May\'fds\rquote tan itibaren \'93Barikatlar Gecesi\'94ne girdi. \'dcniversite b\'f6lgesinde, sonradan sabah saat ikide g\'f6z ya\'feart\'fdc\'fd gaz kullanan polisin sald\'fdr\'fds\'fdna u\'f0 rayacak olan on binlerce barikat kuruldu. Y\'fczlerce ki\'fei yaraland\'fd. \par Ertesi g\'fcn, \'ddran\rquote daki resmi ziyaretten yeni d\'f6nm\'fc\'fe olan Ba\'febakan Georges Pompidou, Sorbonne \'dcniversitesi\rquote nin yeniden a\'e7\'fdld\'fd\'f0\'fdn\'fd ve g\'f6zalt\'fdndaki \'f6\'f0rencilerin serbest b\'fdrak\'fdld\'fd\'f0 \'fdn\'fd duyurdu. Ancak, onun att\'fd\'f0\'fd ad\'fdmlar art\'fdk durumu kontrol edemiyordu. Kom\'fcnist Parti\rquote nin hakim oldu\'f0u CGT de dahil olmak \'fczere, sendikalar, polis bask\'fds\'fdna kar\'fe\'fd 13 May\'fds\rquote ta genel grev \'e7a \'f0r\'fds\'fd yapt\'fdlar. Sendikalar, ba\'feka t\'fcrl\'fc davranmalar\'fd durumunda militan i\'fe\'e7iler \'fczerindeki denetimi kaybedeceklerinden korkuyorlard\'fd. \par Grev \'e7a\'f0r\'fds\'fd b\'fcy\'fck bir kar\'fe\'fdl\'fdk buldu. \'c7ok say\'fdda kent, \'ddkinci D\'fcnya Sava\'fe\'fd\rquote ndan beri en b\'fcy\'fck kitle g\'f6sterilerine tan\'fdk oldu. Sadece Paris\rquote te 800.000 ki\'fei sokaklara \'e7\'fdkm\'fd \'fet\'fd. Siyasi talepler \'f6n plana \'e7\'fdk\'fdyordu ve \'e7ok say\'fdda insan h\'fck\'fcmetin devrilmesini talep ediyordu. Ak\'feam boyunca, Sorbonne ve di\'f0er \'fcniversiteler, \'f6\'f0renciler taraf\'fdndan yeniden i\'fegal edildi. \par Sendikalar\'fdn genel grevi bir g\'fcn ile s\'fdn\'fdrlama plan\'fd ba\'fear\'fds\'fdz oldu. Ertesi g\'fcn, 14 May\'fds\rquote ta, i\'fe\'e7iler, Nantes\rquote teki Sud-Aviation fabrikas\'fdn\'fd i\'fegal ettiler. Fabrika, bir ay boyunca i\'fe\'e7 ilerin denetiminde kald\'fd; y\'f6netim binas\'fdn\'fdn \'fczerinde k\'fdz\'fdl bayraklar dalgalan\'fdyordu. B\'f6lge m\'fcd\'fcr\'fc Duvochel, 16 g\'fcn boyunca i\'fegalciler taraf\'fdndan esir tutuldu. Bu s\'fdrada, Sud-Aviation\rquote un genel m\'fcd \'fcr\'fc, Cezayir sava\'fe\'fdn\'fd protesto eden g\'f6stericilerin \'f6ld\'fcr\'fclmesinden sorumlu bir Nazi i\'febirlik\'e7isi, sava\'fe su\'e7lusu ve 1961\rquote de Paris polisinin ba\'fe\'fd olan, Maurice Papon\rquote du. \par Di\'f0er fabrikalardaki i\'fe\'e7iler, Sud-Aviation\rquote daki \'f6rne\'f0i izliyor ve 15-20 May\'fds tarihleri aras\'fdnda \'fclke \'e7ap\'fdnda bir fabrika i\'fegalleri dalgas\'fd yay\'fdl\'fdyordu. Her yerde k\'fdz\'fdl bayraklar dalgalan\'fd yor ve bir\'e7ok fabrikada y\'f6neticiler esir tutuluyordu. Eylemler, \'fclkenin en b\'fcy\'fck fabrikas\'fd ve Renault\rquote nun, 1947\rquote deki grev dalgas\'fdnda merkezi bir rol oynam\'fd\'fe ba\'fel\'fdca tesisi olan Billancourt\rquote daki fabrika da dahil, y\'fczlerce fabrikay\'fd ve i\'feyerini etkiledi. \par \'dd\'fe\'e7iler, ba\'felang\'fd\'e7ta, bir yerden di\'f0erine farkl\'fdl\'fdk g\'f6steren, daha adil \'fccret, \'e7al\'fd\'fema s\'fcrelerinin k\'fdsalt\'fdlmas\'fd, i\'feten \'e7\'fdkar\'fdlmama, fabrikadaki i\'fe\'e7iler i\'e7 in daha fazla hak gibi acil talepleri y\'fckseltiyorlard\'fd. \'dd\'fegal edilmi\'fe fabrikalarda ve \'e7evre b\'f6lgelerde, grevci i\'fe\'e7iler ile teknik ve idari personelin yan\'fd s\'fdra yerel sakinleri, \'fcniversite ve lise \'f6\'f0 rencilerini de i\'e7ine \'e7eken i\'fe\'e7i ve eylem komiteleri do\'f0du. Bu komiteler, grevlerin \'f6rg\'fctlenmesinin ve bunlar\'fdn yo\'f0un siyasi tart\'fd\'fema forumlar\'fdna d\'f6n\'fc\'femesinin sorumlulu\'f0unu \'fcstlendiler. Ayn\'fd \'feey, \'f6\'f0renciler taraf\'fdndan b\'fcy\'fck \'f6l\'e7\'fcde i\'fegal edilmi\'fe olan \'fcniversiteler i\'e7in de ge\'e7erliydi. \par Fransa, i\'fe\'e7i sendikalar\'fdn\'fdn ya da ba\'feka \'f6rg\'fctlerin b\'f6yle bir grev \'e7a\'f0r\'fds\'fd yapmam\'fd\'fe olmas\'fdna kar\'fe\'fdn, 20 May\'fds\rquote ta b\'fct\'fcn \'fclkeyi durma noktas\'fdna getiren bir genel grev ile sars\'fdld\'fd . Fabrikalar, i\'feyerleri, \'fcniversiteler ve okullar i\'fegal edildi; \'fcretim ve ula\'fe\'fdm sistemi fel\'e7 oldu. Sanat\'e7\'fdlar, gazeteciler ve hatta futbolcular harekete kat\'fdl\'fdyordu. Fransa\rquote n\'fdn 15 milyonluk i\'feg\'fcc\'fcn\'fc n on milyonu eylemlere kat\'fdlm\'fd\'fet\'fd. Daha sonra yap\'fdlan \'e7al\'fd\'femalar, bu rakam\'fd bir \'feekilde 7-9 milyona olarak de\'f0i\'fetirdi ama o, hala Frans\'fdz tarihinin en b\'fcy\'fck genel grevi olmaya devam ediyor. 1936 y\'fdl\'fd ndaki genel grevde \'93sadece\'94 3 milyon i\'fe\'e7i yer al\'fdrken, 1947 genel grevine 2,5 milyon i\'fe\'e7i kat\'fdlm\'fd\'fet\'fd. \par Grev dalgas\'fd, 22-30 May\'fds aras\'fdnda zirveye ula\'fet\'fd ve Temmuz ay\'fdna kadar s\'fcrd\'fc. D\'f6rt milyondan fazla i\'fe\'e7i \'fc\'e7 haftadan, iki milyondan fazla i\'fe\'e7i ise d\'f6rt haftadan uzun s\'fcre grevde kald\'fd. Fransa \'c7al \'fd\'fema Bakanl\'fd\'f0\'fd\rquote na g\'f6re, 1968\rquote de, grevler nedeniyle toplam 150 milyon i\'fe g\'fcn\'fc kaybedilmi\'feti. Kar\'fe\'fdla\'fet\'fdrma yap\'fdl\'fdrsa, 1974 y\'fdl\'fdnda B\'fcy\'fck Britanya\rquote da madenciler taraf\'fd ndan yap\'fdlan ve Edward Heath ba\'fekanl\'fd\'f0\'fdndaki Muhafazakar h\'fck\'fcmeti d\'fc\'fe\'fcren grev, toplam 14 milyon i\'fe g\'fcn\'fc kayb\'fdna yol a\'e7m\'fd\'fet\'fd. \par H\'fck\'fcmet, 20 May\'fds\rquote ta \'fclkenin kontrol\'fcn\'fc b\'fcy\'fck \'f6l\'e7\'fcde kaybetti. De Gaulle\rquote \'fcn ve h\'fck\'fcmetinin istifa etmesi talebi (\'93on y\'fdl yeter\'94) her yere yay\'fdlm\'fd\'fet\'fd. De Gaulle, 24 May\'fds \rquote ta, televizyonda ulusa seslenerek kontrol\'fc geri kazanmaya \'e7al\'fd\'fet\'fd. O, \'f6\'f0rencilere ve i\'fe\'e7ilere \'fcniversitelerde ve \'feirketlerde daha fazla hak tan\'fdyan bir referandum vaat etti ama onun televizyonda ortaya \'e7\'fd kmas\'fd sadece g\'fc\'e7s\'fczl\'fc\'f0\'fcn\'fc g\'f6stermi\'feti ve konu\'femas\'fdn\'fdn hi\'e7bir etkisi olmad\'fd. \par May\'fds ay\'fdn\'fdn ilk \'fc\'e7 haftas\'fdnda, Fransa\rquote da tarihte \'e7ok az \'f6rne\'f0i olan devrimci bir durum geli\'feti. Hareket, kararl\'fd bir \'f6nderlikle, de Gaulle\rquote \'fcn ve onun Be\'feinci Cumhuriyet\rquote inin siyasi yazg\'fds \'fdn\'fd belirleyebilirdi. G\'fcvenlik g\'fc\'e7leri hala rejimin arkas\'fdndayd\'fd ama sistematik bir siyasi sald\'fdr\'fd kar\'fe\'fds\'fdnda g\'fc\'e7l\'fckle ayakta durabilirlerdi. Hareketin b\'fcy\'fckl\'fc\'f0\'fc onlar\'fdn saflar\'fd \'fc zerinde y\'fdprat\'fdc\'fd bir etkide bulunurdu. \par }\pard \ltrpar\ql \li0\ri0\sa100\sl23\slmult0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\hyphpar0\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid6238695 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \cf1\lang1055\langfe1055\langfenp1055\insrsid6427977\charrsid15880102 \par }{\*\themedata 504b030414000600080000002100e9de0fbfff0000001c020000130000005b436f6e74656e745f54797065735d2e786d6cac91cb4ec3301045f748fc83e52d4a 9cb2400825e982c78ec7a27cc0c8992416c9d8b2a755fbf74cd25442a820166c2cd933f79e3be372bd1f07b5c3989ca74aaff2422b24eb1b475da5df374fd9ad 5689811a183c61a50f98f4babebc2837878049899a52a57be670674cb23d8e90721f90a4d2fa3802cb35762680fd800ecd7551dc18eb899138e3c943d7e503b6 b01d583deee5f99824e290b4ba3f364eac4a430883b3c092d4eca8f946c916422ecab927f52ea42b89a1cd59c254f919b0e85e6535d135a8de20f20b8c12c3b0 0c895fcf6720192de6bf3b9e89ecdbd6596cbcdd8eb28e7c365ecc4ec1ff1460f53fe813d3cc7f5b7f020000ffff0300504b030414000600080000002100a5d6 a7e7c0000000360100000b0000005f72656c732f2e72656c73848fcf6ac3300c87ef85bd83d17d51d2c31825762fa590432fa37d00e1287f68221bdb1bebdb4f c7060abb0884a4eff7a93dfeae8bf9e194e720169aaa06c3e2433fcb68e1763dbf7f82c985a4a725085b787086a37bdbb55fbc50d1a33ccd311ba548b6309512 0f88d94fbc52ae4264d1c910d24a45db3462247fa791715fd71f989e19e0364cd3f51652d73760ae8fa8c9ffb3c330cc9e4fc17faf2ce545046e37944c69e462 a1a82fe353bd90a865aad41ed0b5b8f9d6fd010000ffff0300504b0304140006000800000021006b799616830000008a0000001c0000007468656d652f746865 6d652f7468656d654d616e616765722e786d6c0ccc4d0ac3201040e17da17790d93763bb284562b2cbaebbf600439c1a41c7a0d29fdbd7e5e38337cedf14d59b 4b0d592c9c070d8a65cd2e88b7f07c2ca71ba8da481cc52c6ce1c715e6e97818c9b48d13df49c873517d23d59085adb5dd20d6b52bd521ef2cdd5eb9246a3d8b 4757e8d3f729e245eb2b260a0238fd010000ffff0300504b030414000600080000002100058f1130990600004a1b0000160000007468656d652f7468656d652f 7468656d65312e786d6cec594f6f1b4514bf23f11d467b6f6d27761a4775aad8b11b68d346b15bd4e37877bc3bcdecce6a669cd437d41e9190100571a012370e 08286a252ee5c63709144191fa157833b3bbde8937246923a8a03e24bb33bf79ffdf9b37b397afdc8b19da2742529e74bcc6c5ba8748e2f3802661c7bb351a5c 58f59054380930e309e9783322bd2bebefbe7319afa988c404c1fa44aee18e172995aed56ad287612c2ff294243037e122c60a5e45580b043e00ba31ab2dd5eb 2bb518d3c443098e81eccd099568a417fefc83b79e13ef33e09028a9077c26869a3429ad30c860afa1e7e54cf69840fb98753ce012f08311b9a73cc4b05430d1 f1eae6e7d5d62fd7f05ab688a963d696d60dcc2f5b972d08f6960c4f118e0ba68d41b37d69b3a06f004c2de2fafd7eafdf28e81900f67dd0d3ca52a6d91cac36 ba39cd12c83e2ed2eed55bf5a68b2fd15f5e90b9dded765bed4c164bd480ec637301bf5a5f696e2c397803b2f8d602bed9dde8f5561cbc0159fcca027e70a9bd d274f10614319aec2da0b54307838c7a019970b655095f05f86a3d83cf51100d456c6916139ea8ea488bf15d2e0630ad610c2b9a20354bc904fb10c13d1c8f05 c59a3c5e23b83463877cb930a43921e90b9aaa8ef77e8a211be6f45e3efbf6e5b327e8f0fed3c3fb3f1e3e787078ff7b4bc859b58593b0bceac5d79ffcf9e843 f4c793af5e3cfcac1a2fcbf85fbffbe8979f3ead0642f2ccc579fef9e3df9e3e7efec5c7bf7ff3b002be21f0b80c1fd1984874831ca05d1e8362c62aaee4642c ceb66214615a5eb1918412275873a9a0df579183be31c32cf38e234797b816bc2da0785401af4eef3a020f233155b482f3b5287680db9cb32e179556b8a67995 cc3c9a26613573312de37631deafe2ddc389e3dffe34859a9987a5a3782f228e983b0c270a8724210ae939be47488576772875ecba4d7dc1259f287487a22ea6 952619d1b1134df3455b3406bfccaa74067f3bb6d9be8dba9c5569bd49f65d2464056615c28f0873cc78154f158eab488e70ccca06bf8e555425e47026fc32ae 2f15783a248ca37e40a4ac5a735380be25a75fc350af2addbecd66b18b148aee55d1bc8e392f2337f95e2fc2715a851dd2242a63df937b10a218ed705505dfe6 6e86e877f0034e8e75f76d4a1c779f5c0d6ed1d011691e207a662ab42fa1503b1538a6c9df956346a11edb1838bf720c05f0f9978f2a22eb4d2dc41bb0275565 c2d691f27b1cee68d1ed7111d037bfe66ee269b24320cc17379eb725f76dc9f5fef325f7b87c3e6da19dd75628bbba6fb02db16990e363fae309656ca8668c5c 97a64596b04b040318d4abccb99014a7a53482c7acaa3bb85060b30609ae3ea02a1a463885f6bae16922a1cc488712a55cc2a1ce0c57d2d67868d1953d12b6f4 61c1560389d5360fecf0b21ececf040519b3d784e6d899335ad6044ecb6cf9524614d47e15660d2dd4a9b9358c68a6d039dc0a95c1838baac160614d683f1034 2d60e51538996bd6702cc18c04daee76e7cddd62bc709e2e92110e48e623adf7a28f1ac64979ac983b00889d0a1fe903de09562b716b6bb2afc1ed344e2ab36b 1ec32ef7deeb78298fe0b99774d61e49479694939325e8a0e3b55b4b2d0ff938ed781338d1c2639c82d7a5eef8300be14ac857c286fd89c96cb27ceecd76ae98 9b040db8a2b0765f50d8a903a9906a13cbc8868699ca4280259a93957fa905663d2f056ca4bf8214cbab100cff9a146047d7b5643221be2a3bbb34a26d675fb3 52caa78a8861141ca0319b8a5d0ceed7a10afa0454c2c584a908fa05eed0b4b5cd945b9cb3a42bdf5c199c1dc72c8d70566e758ae6996ce1268f0b19cc5b493c d0ad5276a3dcd95531297f4eaa94c3f87fa68ade4fe09e6039d01ef0e1025760a4f3b5e371a1220e55288da83f10d03698da01d102f7b0300d4105d7c8e6bf20 fbfabfcd394bc3a4351cf7d42e0d91a0b01fa94810b20365c944df09c41ad9de6549b28c9089a892b832b5628fc93e61235d0357f4deeea10842dd5493ac0c18 dcd1f873dfb30c1a87bac929e79b53438abdd7e6c03fddf9d86406a5dc3a6c1a9adcfe858815bbaa5d6f96e77b6f59113d316fb39a795600b3d256d0ced2fe15 4538e3566b2bd682c64bad5c38f0e2a2c63058344429dcf620fd07f63f2a7c464c18eb0d75c477a1b622f8c8a08941d840545fb08d07d205d20e8ea171b28336 9834296bdaac75d256cb37eb73ee740bbe478cad253b8dbfcf68eca23973d939b9789ec6ce2cecd8da8e1d6b6af0ecd11485a1497e8c318e311fb3cadf9bf8f8 2e387a136ef7a74c49134cf03d4960683d87260f20f92d47b374fd2f000000ffff0300504b0304140006000800000021000dd1909fb60000001b010000270000 007468656d652f7468656d652f5f72656c732f7468656d654d616e616765722e786d6c2e72656c73848f4d0ac2301484f78277086f6fd3ba109126dd88d0add4 0384e4350d363f2451eced0dae2c082e8761be9969bb979dc9136332de3168aa1a083ae995719ac16db8ec8e4052164e89d93b64b060828e6f37ed1567914b28 4d262452282e3198720e274a939cd08a54f980ae38a38f56e422a3a641c8bbd048f7757da0f19b017cc524bd62107bd5001996509affb3fd381a89672f1f165d fe514173d9850528a2c6cce0239baa4c04ca5bbabac4df000000ffff0300504b01022d0014000600080000002100e9de0fbfff0000001c020000130000000000 0000000000000000000000005b436f6e74656e745f54797065735d2e786d6c504b01022d0014000600080000002100a5d6a7e7c0000000360100000b00000000 000000000000000000300100005f72656c732f2e72656c73504b01022d00140006000800000021006b799616830000008a0000001c0000000000000000000000 0000190200007468656d652f7468656d652f7468656d654d616e616765722e786d6c504b01022d0014000600080000002100058f1130990600004a1b00001600 000000000000000000000000d60200007468656d652f7468656d652f7468656d65312e786d6c504b01022d00140006000800000021000dd1909fb60000001b01 00002700000000000000000000000000a30900007468656d652f7468656d652f5f72656c732f7468656d654d616e616765722e786d6c2e72656c73504b050600000000050005005d0100009e0a00000000} {\*\colorschememapping 3c3f786d6c2076657273696f6e3d22312e302220656e636f64696e673d225554462d3822207374616e64616c6f6e653d22796573223f3e0d0a3c613a636c724d 617020786d6c6e733a613d22687474703a2f2f736368656d61732e6f70656e786d6c666f726d6174732e6f72672f64726177696e676d6c2f323030362f6d6169 6e22206267313d226c743122207478313d22646b3122206267323d226c743222207478323d22646b322220616363656e74313d22616363656e74312220616363 656e74323d22616363656e74322220616363656e74333d22616363656e74332220616363656e74343d22616363656e74342220616363656e74353d22616363656e74352220616363656e74363d22616363656e74362220686c696e6b3d22686c696e6b2220666f6c486c696e6b3d22666f6c486c696e6b222f3e} {\*\latentstyles\lsdstimax267\lsdlockeddef0\lsdsemihiddendef0\lsdunhideuseddef0\lsdqformatdef0\lsdprioritydef99{\lsdlockedexcept \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority0 \lsdlocked0 Normal;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority9 \lsdlocked0 heading 1; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority9 \lsdlocked0 heading 2;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority9 \lsdlocked0 heading 3;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority9 \lsdlocked0 heading 4; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority9 \lsdlocked0 heading 5;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority9 \lsdlocked0 heading 6;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority9 \lsdlocked0 heading 7; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority9 \lsdlocked0 heading 8;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority9 \lsdlocked0 heading 9;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 toc 1; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 toc 2;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 toc 3;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 toc 4; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 toc 5;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 toc 6;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 toc 7; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 toc 8;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 toc 9;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority35 \lsdlocked0 caption; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdlocked0 List Number;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdlocked0 List 4;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdlocked0 List 5;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority10 \lsdlocked0 Title; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority1 \lsdlocked0 Default Paragraph Font;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority11 \lsdlocked0 Subtitle;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdlocked0 Salutation;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdlocked0 Date; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdlocked0 Body Text First Indent;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority22 \lsdlocked0 Strong;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority20 \lsdlocked0 Emphasis;\lsdpriority59 \lsdlocked0 Table Grid;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdlocked0 Placeholder Text; \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority1 \lsdlocked0 No Spacing;\lsdpriority60 \lsdlocked0 Light Shading;\lsdpriority61 \lsdlocked0 Light List;\lsdpriority62 \lsdlocked0 Light Grid;\lsdpriority63 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 1;\lsdpriority64 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 2; \lsdpriority65 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 1;\lsdpriority66 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 2;\lsdpriority67 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 1;\lsdpriority68 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 2;\lsdpriority69 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 3;\lsdpriority70 \lsdlocked0 Dark List; \lsdpriority71 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Shading;\lsdpriority72 \lsdlocked0 Colorful List;\lsdpriority73 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Grid;\lsdpriority60 \lsdlocked0 Light Shading Accent 1;\lsdpriority61 \lsdlocked0 Light List Accent 1; \lsdpriority62 \lsdlocked0 Light Grid Accent 1;\lsdpriority63 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 1 Accent 1;\lsdpriority64 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 2 Accent 1;\lsdpriority65 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 1 Accent 1;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdlocked0 Revision; \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority34 \lsdlocked0 List Paragraph;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority29 \lsdlocked0 Quote;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority30 \lsdlocked0 Intense Quote;\lsdpriority66 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 2 Accent 1;\lsdpriority67 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 1 Accent 1; \lsdpriority68 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 2 Accent 1;\lsdpriority69 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 3 Accent 1;\lsdpriority70 \lsdlocked0 Dark List Accent 1;\lsdpriority71 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Shading Accent 1;\lsdpriority72 \lsdlocked0 Colorful List Accent 1; \lsdpriority73 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Grid Accent 1;\lsdpriority60 \lsdlocked0 Light Shading Accent 2;\lsdpriority61 \lsdlocked0 Light List Accent 2;\lsdpriority62 \lsdlocked0 Light Grid Accent 2;\lsdpriority63 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 1 Accent 2; \lsdpriority64 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 2 Accent 2;\lsdpriority65 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 1 Accent 2;\lsdpriority66 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 2 Accent 2;\lsdpriority67 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 1 Accent 2;\lsdpriority68 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 2 Accent 2; \lsdpriority69 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 3 Accent 2;\lsdpriority70 \lsdlocked0 Dark List Accent 2;\lsdpriority71 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Shading Accent 2;\lsdpriority72 \lsdlocked0 Colorful List Accent 2;\lsdpriority73 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Grid Accent 2; \lsdpriority60 \lsdlocked0 Light Shading Accent 3;\lsdpriority61 \lsdlocked0 Light List Accent 3;\lsdpriority62 \lsdlocked0 Light Grid Accent 3;\lsdpriority63 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 1 Accent 3;\lsdpriority64 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 2 Accent 3; \lsdpriority65 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 1 Accent 3;\lsdpriority66 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 2 Accent 3;\lsdpriority67 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 1 Accent 3;\lsdpriority68 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 2 Accent 3;\lsdpriority69 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 3 Accent 3; \lsdpriority70 \lsdlocked0 Dark List Accent 3;\lsdpriority71 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Shading Accent 3;\lsdpriority72 \lsdlocked0 Colorful List Accent 3;\lsdpriority73 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Grid Accent 3;\lsdpriority60 \lsdlocked0 Light Shading Accent 4; \lsdpriority61 \lsdlocked0 Light List Accent 4;\lsdpriority62 \lsdlocked0 Light Grid Accent 4;\lsdpriority63 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 1 Accent 4;\lsdpriority64 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 2 Accent 4;\lsdpriority65 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 1 Accent 4; \lsdpriority66 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 2 Accent 4;\lsdpriority67 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 1 Accent 4;\lsdpriority68 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 2 Accent 4;\lsdpriority69 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 3 Accent 4;\lsdpriority70 \lsdlocked0 Dark List Accent 4; \lsdpriority71 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Shading Accent 4;\lsdpriority72 \lsdlocked0 Colorful List Accent 4;\lsdpriority73 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Grid Accent 4;\lsdpriority60 \lsdlocked0 Light Shading Accent 5;\lsdpriority61 \lsdlocked0 Light List Accent 5; \lsdpriority62 \lsdlocked0 Light Grid Accent 5;\lsdpriority63 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 1 Accent 5;\lsdpriority64 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 2 Accent 5;\lsdpriority65 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 1 Accent 5;\lsdpriority66 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 2 Accent 5; \lsdpriority67 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 1 Accent 5;\lsdpriority68 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 2 Accent 5;\lsdpriority69 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 3 Accent 5;\lsdpriority70 \lsdlocked0 Dark List Accent 5;\lsdpriority71 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Shading Accent 5; \lsdpriority72 \lsdlocked0 Colorful List Accent 5;\lsdpriority73 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Grid Accent 5;\lsdpriority60 \lsdlocked0 Light Shading Accent 6;\lsdpriority61 \lsdlocked0 Light List Accent 6;\lsdpriority62 \lsdlocked0 Light Grid Accent 6; \lsdpriority63 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 1 Accent 6;\lsdpriority64 \lsdlocked0 Medium Shading 2 Accent 6;\lsdpriority65 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 1 Accent 6;\lsdpriority66 \lsdlocked0 Medium List 2 Accent 6; \lsdpriority67 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 1 Accent 6;\lsdpriority68 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 2 Accent 6;\lsdpriority69 \lsdlocked0 Medium Grid 3 Accent 6;\lsdpriority70 \lsdlocked0 Dark List Accent 6;\lsdpriority71 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Shading Accent 6; \lsdpriority72 \lsdlocked0 Colorful List Accent 6;\lsdpriority73 \lsdlocked0 Colorful Grid Accent 6;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority19 \lsdlocked0 Subtle Emphasis;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority21 \lsdlocked0 Intense Emphasis; \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority31 \lsdlocked0 Subtle Reference;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority32 \lsdlocked0 Intense Reference;\lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority33 \lsdlocked0 Book Title;\lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdpriority37 \lsdlocked0 Bibliography; \lsdsemihidden1 \lsdunhideused1 \lsdqformat1 \lsdpriority39 \lsdlocked0 TOC Heading;}}{\*\datastore 0105000002000000180000004d73786d6c322e534158584d4c5265616465722e362e3000000000000000000000060000 d0cf11e0a1b11ae1000000000000000000000000000000003e000300feff090006000000000000000000000001000000010000000000000000100000feffffff00000000feffffff0000000000000000ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff fffffffffffffffffdfffffffeffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff52006f006f007400200045006e00740072007900000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000016000500ffffffffffffffffffffffff0c6ad98892f1d411a65f0040963251e5000000000000000000000000101d 3ebf5d7cd601feffffff00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000ffffffffffffffffffffffff00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000ffffffffffffffffffffffff0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000ffffffffffffffffffffffff000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000105000000000000}}